list of prescription inhalers costco travel car rental discounts homemade viagra in urdu cabgolin cabergoline side clomid for men for sale buy clonidne online no prescription tantalum long beach dress code doxycycline hyclate 100 mg for dogs what is mavidol sl viagra for woman that lasts up to 48hrs banana muffins recipe buy letrozole canada femara spiriva coupons printable ativan durae daction pharmacy tech certification online bupropion hcl xl 150 mg eldepryl medication list redustat side effects mesterolone steroids pravastatin and grapefruit juice interaction augmentin and alcohol antibiotics without prescriptioc buy letrozole uk cytotec by echeck kwikmed uk levitra generika billig kaufen advantage auto sales pekin il cost of revatio vs viagra magnesium chloride formula stendra priligy allopurinol 300 mg tablet side effects paroxetine side effects webmd buy viagra australia canada propecia pay pal luvox generic name omnicef dosage for children chart fluoxetine online without prescription buy arimidex australia cheap alegria shoes tamoxifen for sale buy meds online with no script toprol xl generics lopressor metoprolol and depression stromectol online kaufen atarax medication picture flos medicinae generic cialis dapoxetine purchase r t choppers otc viagra canada isoniazid pronunciation exercises legitimate online levitra reductil pastile de slabit cu cafea proscar vs avodart for bph kamagras online australia feldene discontinued subutex withdrawal home remedies glipizide for sale propranolol overdose dosage duphalac syrup for children metformina 850 how much is nexium flovent inhaler side effects in children viagra 100 mg cozaar medication and potassium confidex ingredients in beer sublingual medication list foam rogaine for women reviews xerograx pastillas recipe lorinol 10mg vicodin sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate capsules safety solutions buy alli pills now cordarone drug study keftab patent medicine series online coversyl 5mg side effects diazepam dosage for cats female indian viagra tablets asacol mesalamine side effects allopurinol drug side effects viagra pills in mexico rogaine foam reviews for women prescription diovan overnight lexapro withdrawal symptoms side effects forum buying pain meds online pharmacy alli usa cialis 40 mg price cialis and glaucoma name of viagra tablet in india 446 allegra d side effects buy nolvadex online with master card software download sites rogaine for eyebrows before and after avana mckinney ranch apartment geriforte tab anastrozole for men side effects in men consell esportiu montsia where can you buy primatine mist nizagara online canadian zantac vs prilosec vs prevacid mail order prednisone lantus insulin side effects in men cialis haltbarkeit wirkung aprovel side effects differin adapalene gel reviews atacand plus side effects doctor tiotropium bromide monohydrate inhal cap 18 mcg reglan side effects proviron steroid side effects viagra next day uk delivery prednisone 5mg dosage generic viagra without prescription ibuprofen dosage chart for kids fda appoved pharmacy online amantadina clorfenamina paracetamol para que sirve sildenafil citrate chewable tablets duvadilan drug information sildegra price chopper carprofen for dogs drug clenbuterol weight loss buy clenbuterol ritalin dosages in adults i want to buy amitriptyline 50 mg donde comprar cialis en chile ornidazole & ofloxacin tablets for uti levaquin 750 mg levofloxacin side effects dostinex side effects patients buy drugs no prescription claritin side effects high blood pressure premarin tablets lotrel side effects reviews parcopa carbidopa levodopa minoxidil shampoo side effects famvir dosage dose prevacid 30 mg lansoprazole cardinal richelieu movie amerimedrx model trains dyazide 37.5 25 mg side effects order accutane 40 mg from india levitra generika schweiz risnia side effects lamictal withdrawal symptoms headache buy viagra in usa side effects of ramipril 5mg capsules cheap generic abili piroxicam 20mg capsules medicine alli in uk norfloxacin 400mg for prostatitis non prescription erection pills colchicine without rx januvia 100 mg price hydroxyzine hcl 10mg side effects high tech dianabol reviews medyka przemyska planet online pharmacy for cialis sildegra 100mg zoloft viagra tablet tamil 231 voltaren gel price at walmart pharmacy arthrotec 75 mg coupon digoxin toxicity symptoms treatment proventil inhaler purchase on line indocin side effects bleeding diane kruger wallpaper viagra 100mg pfizer ibuprofen 800mg ingredients femara fertility what is furosemide contraindications zinoxime vialli omnicef side effects antibiotics permethrin spray insecticide to kill scabies on furniture phenergan suppository dose vipps certified online pharmacy domperidone without a prescription generic viagra usa shipping priority mail 2 day delivery on cialis erythromycin tablets 250mg cipla pharmaceuticals limited prometrium progesterone supplement estrotab 1mg is how many mcg minocycline hydrochloride for dogs where to buy azithromycin tamsulosin 0 4 mg side effects viagra samples physician samples viagra cialis en vente libre what is duloxetine hcl dr 60 mg cap used for canadian salbutamol cost sertralina medicamento tafil florinef medication patient reviews estrace cream vs premarin cream buspar for anxiety and irritability raymeds complaints against dentists kosovarja tu qi ragipi plavix uk tabletten oynanan oyunlari levitra 40 viagra in qatar how to use viagra for best results what is acticin 5 used for amiloride hcl used buy sibutramine diet pills subutex for pain treatment microcidal molecules in a solid prevacid vs prilosec lowest price cialas paypals benadryl for infants side effects buy lexapro india prilosec non prescription drug coupons online viagra prescriptions physicians which is better viagra or cialis buying vigara on line pramipexole 0.25 mg rls rollbox games is prandin generic mail order medications from mexico prevacid vs prilosec nexium philippine pharmacy maxman capsules uk cefaclor 250 mg/5ml clonidine for children behavior order doxycycline 100mg online dug store diabecon ingredients in nyquil biaxin 500mg medication tablet cialis gratuit order pills indomethacin 50 mg capsule used for canadian pharmacy shop buy femera fast estrace cream side effects on men pantoprazole from canada bystolic medication side effects viagra canadian co azithreomycin canadian pharmacy over counter erectile dysfuntion sildenafil tablets parlodel drug class achat levitra au usa salbutamol inhaler asthma yasminelle tablets with keyboards fluoxetine hcl 10mg pricingflurazepam symptoms of herpes best cheap cialis online ranbaxy stock market zyban dosages to quit smoking cialis from usa pharmacy tretinoin cream 0.05 price cong dung renapril 5mg adderall list of canadian pharmacies tretinoin cream 0 05 buy online viagra tablet price in pakistan pilocarpine ocular system photoplanetdrugs mincorp somerset pa weather via herbal viagra e bay how much is viagra at walmart hoodia gordonii plus natural appetite suppressant prednisolone without prescription tadalafil deutschland kaufen prednisone 6 day dose pack promethazine on line rocket launch today in florida requip starter pack drug carprofen 100mg safe online pharmacy duphaston pregnancy spotting seroflo inhaler 125 elocom krema za bebeelocon adalat tv serial on 24th november 2012 order finasteride 1 mg no prescription where to buy sinequan cual es el precio de viagra en mexicali rapidtabs wikipedia francais 20mg name brand cialis baristanet kids calendar pdx clindamycin hcl 150 mg capsule side effects low cost viagra canadian pharma proventil coupon 2012 trileptal bipolar side effects beconase nasal spray alternative norvasc 5 mg dose vgr 100 viagra for sale supradol ketorolac english to spanish bactrim online pharmacy vimax reviews amazon elomet ointment mometasone furoate nasal spray adalat buy is 5 mg of celexa effective buying with master cardviagra can i take augmentin for strep throat ramicomp genericon best online viagra no prescription garlic butter recipe for crab clindamycin side effects for cats amoxicillin for fish and humans small round blue vitamin lasuna garlic bread wo einkaufen online viagra cheapest sildalis 120mg is how many ml lamictal and alcohol interaction paxil generic picture staxyn 10mg price at walmart how to get nolvadex bodybuilding cheap cialis professional humannhealth lamisil temovate cream 0.05 uses canadian rx propecia product lumigan 0.01 side effects amoxacillin online no script salbutamol inhalers nuvigil medication dosage lidocaine side effects injection tadalafil cheapest online flomaxtra xl 4000 order levothyroxine canada online buy zaditor online usa lavitra no prescription cong dung renapril 5mg oxycodone minomycin dosage of aspirin cheap valtrex discount cialis 48430 viagra houston tx erexin ingredients in meth 200 mg os cialis in india buy codeine cough syrup online zenegra reviews fiftyzenerexzenerx clomiphene side effects pctclonidine alendronate fosamax medication order lexapro from india clonidine medication coumadin diet teaching for patients purchase zithromax australia online cialis 20mg online india flomax medication tamsulosin side effects get a priscription for viagra online cheapest online propecia 0 17 quanto costa vermox sciroppo viagra for women reviews therapy notes templates viagra testpackung ranigast skutki uboczne radioterapii cialis information tadalafil viagra online germany webmd paxil withdrawal side effectspenegra ativan lorazepam dosage ic doxycycline 479 trusted medstore online best price on levitra 20 mg cialis e shops europe zovirax cream for genital herpes acheter viagra pharmacie pravastatin 20 mg side effects synthroid dosage change side effects esquina carlos gardel argentina lipvas cipla pharmaceuticals calis alternative augmentin dosage chart novaldex india proventil inhaler cost generic ed meds cytotec for miscarriage side effects vermox plus mexico lialda side effects liver effexor xr generic antibiotici per cistite viagra for men in canada frumil lse mestinon 60 mg 3 times a day himcolin review 360 wellbutrin xl side effects hair loss duloxetine hydrochloride generic effects of terbinafine and alcoholterbutaline normal dosage of keflex for sinus infection generic viagra using paypal artane dublin 5 map 500 mg ciprofloxacin twice daily ciales off road ciales accutane acne treatment wikipedia viagra wholesalers china neurocet reviews on apidexin viagra for sale toronto diltiazem cd therapy dogs inc pyridium medication side effects over the counter hard on pills lisinopril generic equivalent acyclovir for sale in australia cheap prescription prices viagra next day delivery usa mifepristone price in south africa antibiotics and alcohol consumption serax oxazepam benzodiazepines cobra 120 mg rot levitra vs viagra metformin hydrochloride cialis online kaufen buy cialis 20 mg tablet welbutrin by mail doxazosin 8 mg side effects ranbaxy pharmaceuticals jacksonville fl how to buy viagra farmacia canada online azulfidine side effects in dogs viagra online ordering salazopyrin en 500 mg actos diabetes medication side effects cardura e10 india aciphex maxifort sildenafil mexico generic lipitor side effects liver accutane reviews before and after pictures manly sildenafil citrate tablets 100mg viagra uk paypal doxine pharmacy modern depression florisimide medicine sales combivent respimat inhaler coupons canadian pharmacy review viagra levitra professional 20 mg levetra online fast delivery its hard to cum when i take cialis how to buy viagra online from canada oxybutynin chloride er 10 mg how long cialis take to work reliable inexpensive viagra suppliers uk kamagrafast lexapro coupons priligy kopen insurance marketplace 2014 cozaar 50 mg vs lisinopril vasotec medication used tretinoin cream online therapy dog training california condyline wartec cream florinef medication information zovirax side effects doctor haloperidol injection dosage zanaflex medication wiki avodart hair loss fda approval cialis order by phone cialis in arizona binotal ampicilina 500 mg buy salbutimol glipizide xl without rx cilis on line order topmed shop24 buy proscar no prescription uk low cost plavix and crestor probenecid vs allopurinol arava 20 mg price doxycycline 100mg prices american online pharmacy kamatra sumatra straits viagra generic usa pharmacy insurance marketplace gov antabuse from india no prescription viagra super active plus reviews glipizide dosage information trental pentoxifylline healthy man generic viagra suppliers online pharmacy promethazine codeine estradot bestellen ohne rezept is propecia over the counter rogaine foam review drugs avelox antibiotic good for uti advantage auto sales loves park il olanzapine 5mg pricing benemid contraindications for electrical stimulation malarone tesco cialis black 800mg pills nimesulide tablets ingredients misoprostol for miscarriage how long does it take furolin medication adderall side effects amphetamine ritalin for adults side effects buy metformin for 4$ buy orlistat 120mg online cardizem cd 180 mg altace medication generic female viagra tablets tinidazole 500mg description tablete ieftine pnn ro cheap aygestin no prescription ornidazole injection for osteoporosis lamotrigine side effects in children proscar side effects hair avandamet cost xlpharmacy complaints against doctors cataflam drops 1.5 dentopain forte singing aldactone 25mg information best indian pharmacy viagra price list india epanutin 100mg vicodin side effects itching amantadina para parkinsons dementia misoprostol for miscarriage norstan network services inc fluoxetine for dogs reviews atosil nebenwirkungen kortison natija dyal 9wilbat aliviosin dyal gholdston ecco contact center egypt benazepril 20mg tab ethex
Home Pete Toms THE POLITICS OF SPRING TRAINING: A GOOD INVESTMENT?

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 470 guests online

Atom RSS

THE POLITICS OF SPRING TRAINING: A GOOD INVESTMENT? PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 26
PoorBest 
Pete Toms Article Archive
Written by Pete Toms   
Sunday, 25 October 2009 16:01

Spring Training

A Florda Senator recently suggested publicly that the state and local governments should invest in MLB spring training to slow the recent migration of clubs to AZ.  The News Service of Florida reported (HT Ballpark Digest);

Sen. Mike Fasano, R-New Port Richey, told the News Service of Florida Monday that while the state probably cannot allocate money to lure new baseball teams to train in Florida as it has done in previous years, at least two will soon be in position to move from Arizona and the state and local communities should try to convince them to come here in other ways.

“We have an obligation to do what we can as a legislative body to keep the teams we have in the Grapefruit League and make sure they stay here,” Fasano said after being notified of the possibility of the relocations during a recent committee meeting. “Florida once was – and still is – the spring training capital of the world, and we need to keep it that.”

AND

“It’s going to be tough to be talking about giving major sports franchises tax incentives when I’ve got constituents who are wondering how they’re going to pay their electric bill,” Fasano said. “It’s going to take dollars and incentives that we don’t have.”

But that does not mean the state should not step up the plate in other ways, he quickly added.

“This is a conversation that has to be developed,” he said. “Maybe (the solution) is having some type of long-term plan, something where we don’t have to implement it until the economy gets better.”

Competition between AZ and FLA to lure MLB spring training to their states began in the late 1980’s.  It was then that local governments in FLA began making significant public investments in baseball facilities to compete within their state for spring training.  In 1993 the Cleveland Indians left AZ for FLA, signalling the beginning of the interstate competition that has continued to the present.  Prior to the Indians move to FLA, there had been an extended period of stability in the  Cactus League with the same eight franchises comprising the circuit.  Much has changed in the past sixteen years.  2009 spring training saw a record fourteen franchises in the Cactus League.  When the Cincinnati Reds move to AZ for 2010 spring training, there will be an equal number of clubs in the Grapefruit and Cactus Leagues.  The competition between AZ and FLA to attract MLB spring training is now focused on the Cubs and Brewers, both Cactus League clubs with leases soon to expire. (If the Cubs pay a $4.2 million penalty to Mesa they can leave as early as 2012, the Brewers lease expires in 2012)

While the competition for Cubs and Brewers spring training (especially the Cubs) is spirited (both in AZ and FLA), the debate over how much (if any) economic benefit is derived from these investments continues.  Earlier this year, Charles Fountain wrote in The National Review Online (HT The Sports Economist);

Take in a Grapefruit League baseball game this year, and a Florida State University researcher might ask you how much money you’re spending and just how and where you’re spending it. The Florida Sports Foundation commissioned the surveys in an effort to update a nine-year-old study that showed spring training brought a $450 million benefit to the Florida economy.

That $450 million figure has been a comfort to Florida legislators, who have twice passed legislation to spend a total of $150 million on the construction and improvement of spring-training facilities. Similar studies in Arizona have spurred that state’s legislature to approve more than $250 million for the same purpose. In both cases, state-level spending was matched dollar-for-dollar by local funds, which brings the public investment in spring training to roughly $800 million over the last decade.

Select Read More to see other details on the business of Spring Training by Pete Toms

In the aforementioned piece from “The News Service of Florida”, The Florida Sports Foundation (“the official sports promotion and development organization for the State of Florida”) has concluded that the economic benefits of spring training to Floridians exceeds their previous estimate of $450 million.  Sports Foundation spokesman Nick Gandy is quoted, “We did a survey this past spring that showed that there’s $750 million of economic impact (from spring training), so this is something worth hanging onto,”

Freelance journalist David Moulton reported recently in the Naples Daily News on efforts to bring Cubs spring training to Collier County.  (The piece contains an Editor’s Note that Mr. Moulton is active in publicly advocating that local officials support efforts to bring Cubs spring training to Naples)  Mr. Moulton quotes Craig Bouchard, a Chicago businessman and also one of the principals in the coalition to bring Cubs spring training to Naples.

“This effort will inject $50 million annually into the county, which would contain its spring training site, player rehabilitation, a minor league team, their minor league operations headquarters and a host of other functions year-round,” he said. “We hope to structure a deal that runs a minimum of 30 years. That’s $1.5 billion in economic impact, not counting inflation.”

Also from Mr. Moulton’s article, “Arizona’s most recent study said the Chicago Cubs’ direct economic impact to Mesa was $31.1 million annually. The impact for Arizona was figured to be $52.2 million annually.”

There is an extensive body of research from independent “sports economists” that consistently discredits the conclusions of the research into the economic benefits of spring training (often referred to as “advocacy studies” or “fantasy documents” by opponents of “public dollars for private stadiums”).  The two groups reach drastically different conclusions when calculating the following fundamentals to the equation.

  • Ÿ  the multiplier effects of stadium construction, fan spending and jobs at the stadium
  • the number of days per year that the stadium is in use
  • Ÿ  estimates of how many tourists attend games
  • Ÿ  estimates of how many tourists’ principal motivation in visiting AZ or FLA is spring training
  • Ÿ  estimates of the duration of the tourists stay in the county/state
  • Ÿ  estimates of the amount of money spent per day / per tourist
  • the number of times a city’s name is mentioned in media reporting on the team and the dollar valuation of it

The debate over the amount of dollars that tourists spend as a result of spring training is particularly important because new facilities often receive public financing with the expectation that there will be a resulting increase in revenues from hotel and car rental taxes. The “sports economists” often argue the “opportunity cost “ of investing public dollars in these facilities. More plainly, could the government(s) make better use of the money.

From the aforementioned piece by Charles Fountain;

Whatever the researchers report, some economists simply won’t buy it. They think these spring-training subsidies are nothing more than welfare for professional-sports franchises, and that the studies constitute nothing more than pseudo-economics.

AND

“Politicians are making these claims, not economists,” said Phillip Porter, a professor of economics at the University of South Florida and the most oft-quoted critic of the economic-impact claims surrounding spring training….

Porter and his colleagues in the academic community express open contempt for the process used in these studies and only a slightly veiled contempt for the people who’ve done them.

“These people may have some economic training, but they’re not professional economists; they’re not Ph.D.-level economists that are looking at how these models are built or how the models are done,” said Porter. “They’re the kind of people who do government-consulting jobs or work in government offices, like the Florida division of tourism.”

AND

In every city or county with a spring-training facility, the bottom-line number on the public ledger for that facility is red. Every lease is different; the one constant is that they are written to favor the ball club. Communities once had more favorable terms, but when they started building new facilities and competing for teams in the 1980s, the balance of negotiating power shifted to the teams, and the leases reflect that. Many leases call for payments of $100,000 to $300,000 per year. Some split revenues from ticket sales, concessions, and parking between the team and the city/county; some give all that money to the team. Virtually all leases call for the municipality to absorb all operations and maintenance costs.

(This 2006 piece from Kathleen McLaughlin for the Sarasota Herald-Tribune argues the same POV as Mr. Fountain and is also very thorough and informative)

Earlier this year, Spring Training Online, used the departure of the Dodgers’ spring training from Vero Beach FLA to AZ to demonstrate that the “sports economists’” have got it wrong.

Sales-tax receipts in Indian River County, where Vero Beach is located, declined $1.8 million in March 2009 when compared to March 2008: $10.8 million in 2008 versus $8.9 million in 2007. Though there was a downtown in the economy from year to year, the biggest change in the local economy was the presence of the Los Angeles Dodgers for spring training -- a partial one, to be sire -- in 2008. Take the Dodgers out of the equation, and you have a significant drop in sales-tax receipts…..

Economists with an axe to grind, of course, say the drop in sales-tax revenues was wholly due to the declining economy, and that spring training has a negligible impact on the local economy. But the numbers don't back up that assertion, and arguing a sales-tax decline of over 10 percent was not impacted by the loss of spring training is a specious argument.

While MLB franchises continue to benefit from the vigorous competition amongst communities in AZ and FLA for spring training, the overall trend appears to be pointing towards governments striking more equitable lease agreements with the big league team.  David Broughton reported earlier this year in The SportsBusiness Journal.

Municipalities in both Florida and Arizona have been quick to fund ballpark projects in recent years, working with developers to create large mixed-use districts. In exchange for funding these facilities, communities have become more aggressive in how they structure the teams’ leases.

“Revenue recovery is key nowadays,” said Mark Coronado, community and recreation services director in Surprise, Ariz., which owns and operates the $48 million facility that lured the Texas Rangers and Kansas City Royals from Florida in spring 2003. “When it comes down to it, we’re all going to provide comparable, quality facilities. But now we all have to figure out how to pay all our debt.”

In Florida, any municipality that wants to qualify for an annual $500,000 spring training facility grant from the state must have in place a lease deal of at least 20 years. Towns in both states are requiring teams to play more games at their ballparks than in years past and are requiring reimbursement for lost games. Clauses seek more night games to drive food and beverage revenue for all sides.

But perhaps the biggest change is that leases are beginning to look more like partnerships than landlord-tenant covenants.

The benefits to MLB franchises from the competition for “spring training” are obvious.  Not only are these new spring training complexes superior training facilities but they also generate more revenue due to better concessions, larger seating capacity and more recently, the inclusion of “premium seating”.  Last year Don Muret reported for The Sports Business Journal on the move of the Dodgers and White Sox spring training to their new and shared “Camelback Ranch” facility in Glendale AZ.

The Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago White Sox have smashed the ceiling for spring training ticket prices to test the big league premium-seat model at their new Cactus League park.

The two clubs have put a $90-a-game price tag on season tickets for 300 padded seats in the Home Plate Club at Camelback Ranch, their $80 million, 13,000-capacity facility opening in February in Glendale, Ariz. The ticket price includes VIP parking (a $10 value), a $20 food/retail credit, a premium souvenir, complimentary water, sunscreen and a scented towel, an idea the Dodgers got from the nation’s premier golf courses.

The Cubs will be moving to a new, state of the art, spring training facility after 2012.  The approximately $4 million penalty they will pay to Mesa AZ for breaking their lease early is likely to be of little consequence.  (or perhaps be waived entirely if they reach agreement with Mesa on a new facility)  The Cubs are one of the country’s great brands and politicians in both AZ and FLA would be eager to be associated with it.  Also, any loss of a team in a community, rightly or wrongly, associates public officials with a negative perception that they would rather avoid.  At the same time, spring training remains a useful tool in garnering political and popular support for new “multi-use” real estate developments.  There appears no end in sight for the battle over “spring training”.



OTHER NEWS FROM THE BUSINESS OF SPORTS NETWORK

(THE BIZ OF FOOTBALL)

(THE BIZ OF HOCKEY)

(THE BIZ OF BASKETBALL)


Pete Toms is an author for the Business of Sports Network, most notably, The Biz of Baseball. He looks forward to your comments and can be contacted through The Biz of Baseball.

Don't forget to register and log in on The Biz of Baseball site to get updates via your in-box, and see information only logged in members can see.

Follow The Biz of Baseball on Twitter Twitter

FacebookFollow the Business of Sports Network on Facebook

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?