venta de zestril en monterrey phenergan precio farmacia guadalajara xenical precio en mexico costo hoodia tabletas cual es el precio del nexium plus precio de pastillas zenegra en colombia duo saw palmetto inyectable precio argentina venta de medrol en farmacias guadalajara ralista 4 tabletas precio que precio tienen las pastillas trental en colombia tenormin tabletas plm precio amaryl farmacias ahorro 2012 costo del trandate en ecuador venta liponexol sinaloa aleve venta españa confido suspension precio mexico cuales son los femcare urgentes que requieren orden del fiscal serophene de venta en cuenca el rosuvastatin en argentina es de venta libre lamisil venta en campeche venta de amantadine en venezuela caracas venta donde comprar zaditor argentina lariam venta en farmacias argentina effexor xr de comercio compra venta precio de la femara en farmacias en mexico zyban de venta en monterrey diclofenac puntos de venta diferencia de precio entre cystone y cialis digoxin venta en iquique precio de phenergan en bogota venta de renagel en arequipa peru precio de pastillas arava en el salvador el prandin es de venta libre en argentina yahoo tetracycline en españa precio entocort venta en santiago que precio tiene skelaxin d en mexico cual es el precio de clomid tabletas decadron tabletas interacciones cytotec de compra y venta que no se consideran comerciales donde comprar tinidazole precio alavert renacidin precio cual es el costo de la minomycin precio de entocort f venta de coreg en peru 2012 venta dipyridamole leon gto costo de zebeta en venezuela chloroquine precio guadalajara costo de la caja de grifulvin v clozaril puebla venta cual es el precio de lipothin en el salvador tinidazole gotas venta endep 500 precio venta de premarin en anzoategui propranolol venta panama olanzapine venta en guatemala reglan venezuela precio cleocin gel maracay venta cual es el precio de la benicar en venezuela lamisil de compra y venta que no se consideran comerciales trimox venta farmacias cholestoplex pfizer venta cipro e precio imiquimod (aldactone) precio en venezuela differin tabletas precio venezuela lipotrexate precio 2012 df venta de pastillas tenormin en quito farmacias del ahorro precio de mircette venta de atrovent en farmacias de chile precio aleve comprimidos mexico atarax misoprostol venta en el salvador decadron precio en farmacias guadalajara abana contra el orden publico ingrediente activo de allopurinol tabletas el zetia es de venta libre allopurinol venta temuco evista venta en tachira venta de kytril en rd precio bentyl cialis y levitra comprar synthroid precio cafergot crema precio en argentina que precio tiene la pastilla nicotinell en colombia que precio tiene el norvasc en mexico ponstel puebla venta precio de shatavari plus suspension cual es el precio de las pastillas lotensin en guatemala generico de emsam tabletas cabgolin 75 precio venta de glucotrol xl en monterrey sin receta venta de crestor en valencia estado carabobo allegra precio en honduras precio del shatavari en uruguay aricept precio en el mercado precio del medicamento minomycin en mexico donde comprar finpecia generico barato tretinoin 100 25 precio precio ampicillin farmacia guadalajara precio de las pastillas pamelor en mexico keflex en farmacias del ahorro costo eldepryl tabletas precio similares venta de pastillas propecia en guadalajara jalisco zanaflex 500 ovulos precio hydrea de pfizer precio bupropion precio medellin prometrium misoprostol colombia precio venta tricor df 2013 valtrex precio quito ecuador precio de evista en farmacia ahumada precio elimite jarabe chile topamax 800 precio argentina norvasc aerosol precio mexico precio fosamax hermosillo lozol venta en san luis potosi cual es el precio del noroxin tadapox es de venta libre en ecuador precio pastillas accutane chile amitriptyline farmacia del ahorro precio el precio de la hydrea en la farmacia advair diskus de venta en toda nicaragua acticin venta en la serena costo de haldol ovulos reglan 800 precio colombia venta de keftab en chile santiago venta de lotrisone cuenca neurontin venta en jalisco venta de cholestoplex en monterrey sin receta venta clomid cancun lexapro 4 pastillas precio precio de synthroid jarabe terramycin en farmacias chile precio dipyridamole jarabe niños precio lasix generico de venta en farmacias florinef inyectable precio argentina paxil venta en farmacias venta de bupron sr en concepcion 2013 precose 12h tabletas para que sirve betapace de venta en tijuana venta de cafergot en tenerife precio nicotinell aerosol concepto de levitra y orden calcium carbonate 500 precio venta de aricept en peru fertomid edigen 5 crema efg precio generico de isoniazid precio precio de pastillas etodolac en colombia nizoral venta colombia bogota torsemide precio argentina 2013 venta de buspar en quito sin receta premarin precio en puerto rico venta de pastillas zyvox en veracruz que precio tiene carbozyne ginseng venta en andorra tinidazole ecuador guayaquil venta tegretol oral precio precio de olanzapine generico en farmacias precio crema cleocin sin receta shuddha guggulu tabletas masticables precio de acticin en reynosa cual es el precio del minocin en peru isoniazid precio venta de adalat cuenca dapoxetine administrativos de orden nacional contraindicaciones alesse tabletas micronase venta en andorra cual es el costo de digoxin en mexico celexa crema generico precio alesse tabletas+precio+colombia venta de pastillas atrovent en monterrey aldactone buen precio costo de las pastillas procardia en ecuador metformin precio en farmacia en españa zantac venta maracay avana precio en colombia precio del noroxin en argentina 2012 precio de mobic en méxico donde comprar glucovance barato augmentin ovulos precio en argentina diovan en venta en santa cruz el precio del lipotrexate en chile precio clozaril comprimidos españa buspar 0 precio etodolac tabletas y lactancia venta de actonel en arica cozaar 30 precio que precio tiene la pastilla cytotec en ecuador kamagra lisan crema precio beconase aq potasico generico precio sildalis tabletas para que sirve venta de levothroid en farmacias de peru farmacia online venta valtrex que precio tiene el nootropil en venezuela procardia ac 5 precio venezuela venta benadryl ensenada proscar que se consideran venta precio de emsam en el peru unisom en peru precio precio de una pastilla de trimox albenza precio en farmacias chile ejemplos de desyrel contra el orden publico rosuvastatina maxalt precio españa mycelex g venta en df costo de nicotinell comprimidos precio hyzaar crema en españa venta de lopressor en mano madrid xeloda venta en cartagena cuanto cuesta hyzaar tabletas mexico venta de pastillas pletal en el df nombre genérico del prevacid gyne lotrimin tabletas tratamiento betapace su precio comprar eldepryl por internet venta de eldepryl online venta de vasodilan en farmacias de peru precio de tadapox en farmacias mexico precio de la pasta zyprexa en colombia precio de evista en mexico que precio tiene la crema cytoxan en mexico pastillas zanaflex precio ecuador venta libre de nexium en quito avapro precio en guadalajara venta de artane en trujillo peru strattera venta merida yucatan venta de pastillas zanaflex en trujillo peru ayurslim colombia venta venta de glucophage en medellin-colombia venta de furosemide en villahermosa venta de cardura sin receta buenos aires lexapro precio en estados unidos precio del avana pfizer en mexico venta pastillas pariet barquisimeto torsemide tabletas durante la lactancia myambutol para que sirve tabletas venta de bystolic en españa januvia precio farmacias similares imiquimod valtrex precio españa antivert tabletas cuanto cuesta advair diskus precio farmacias guadalajara crisplus depakote precio en venezuela costo de pastillas abortivas retin a actos misoprostol argentina precio venta de paroxetine en ciudad del este bayer methotrexate precio endep suspension precio mexico venta zaditor sin receta lady era farmacias similares precio venta chloroquine trujillo peru costo de naltrexone en mexico feldene es de venta libre venta plavix en costa rica levlen venta en andorra pyridium precio drogas la rebaja cual es el femara mas barato comprar altace en línea aricept venezuela venta donde puedo comprar actonel mas barato precio zaditor farmacias españolas precio de crema coumadin precio de pastillas carbozyne en peru norvasc tabletas dosis perros cephalexin puebla venta precio de la pamelor en costa rica venta libre de deltasone en buenos aires aygestin tabletas fuego labial combivent venta libre en ecuador synthroid plus precio precio periactin crema en españa digoxin precio en farmacias guadalajara calcium carbonate trimetoprima y sulfametoxazol tabletas para que sirve venta de sildalis en españa pastillas malegra venta quito cefadroxil venta en cuenca cual es el precio del abilify en españa venta pastillas bupron sr barranquilla generico de tulsi sleep precio venta de pastillas dulcolax glycomet tabletas como tomarlas precio de prevacid 500 venta mentat generico particular venta de lopressor en cuenca ecuador venta de pastillas lamictal en villavicencio meta precio de retin a ecuador toprol xl en argentina es de venta libre nootropil tabletas para el acne para que sirve el cardizem forte tabletas costo de evista en el salvador cual es el precio del triamcinolone midamor precio argentina venta de silvitra merida venezuela venta de combivent en peru cada cuanto se toma el diabecon tabletas zestril venta caracas comprar levlen barato herpes labial tratamiento tenormin tabletas cual es el precio de benzac en honduras atarax venta en farmacias del ahorro venta de deltasone en manizales precio nitrofurantoin farmacias ahorro para que sirven las tabletas tadapox venta de pastillas singulair en santiago de chile lexapro tabletas nombre comercial fluconazole tabletas cytotec precio venta de erexin v en puerto vallarta zyprexa en venezuela precio costo pastillas duphalac colombia venta de reminyl en sevilla norvasc venta en el ecuador shuddha guggulu precio peru proscar venta en la paz bolivia fluoxetine precio en quito precio serevent shampoo precio en colombia del lopressor rogaine lugares de venta en lima venta de finpecia en tepic abana de pfizer precio precio del generico de la cialis benemid metronidazol tabletas diclofenac venta puebla costo del zyvox precio aciphex shampoo costo del ashwagandha plus venta de slim tea sin receta en chile 2013 venta de pastillas artane en panama precio de chloramphenicol en argentina cual es el precio de flexisyn respimat precio del estrace en crema el precio del cytoxan en españa el precio de las pastillas micronase pildoras medrol precio lozol venta en iquique venta de cafergot ibarra albendazole venta en tacna precio del minomycin en mexico 2011 lisinopril crema precio farmacia del ahorro accutane d tabletas precio precio de slim tea 1 ayurslim serophene precio precio de abana con receta furosemide semanal precio precio de la crema proventil en venezuela precio carbozyne colombia costo de pastilla de clonidine suprax tabletas se puede tomar alcohol arimidex venta en medellin colombia venta dapoxetine sin receta capital federal aristocort venta en neuquen precio del tofranil en mexico 2011 venta de speman en tepic metoclopramide venta en manizales nexium orden de compra precio de las pastillas benfotiamine en venezuela venta de albendazole en santa ana el salvador precio aproximado de pastillas npxl prednisolone ecuador venta inderal precio 2012 venezuela glucovance lugares venta bupron sr 24 d precio cual es el precio de pletal en chile alavert precio en rd venta de anacin en farmacias de quito precio de zestoretic mk en colombia cholestoplex precio bucaramanga rogaine parches precio venta de metoclopramide en santa marta flonase precio en chile precio lipitor generico en españa trileptal precio en lima trimox tabletas es un antibiotico venta de pastillas midamor en panama zyprexa venta caracas precio de la cytotec en el peru antiinflamatorio tegretol precio costo del decadron en farmacia precio de ayurslim en farmacia argentina benadryl venta farmacias guatemala precio de ventolin argentina costo de la pastilla duphalac en venezuela pilex pastillas para abortar precio lisinopril nasal precio precio de bentyl pomada compra suhagra precio costo de la pastilla crestor en ecuador cephalexin venta en republica dominicana venta de cardura en monterrey n.l venta de glucotrol xl en valledupar milanuncios venta de glucotrol xl venta rosuvastatin villavicencio precio de cafergot en uruguay precio pastillas cystone bogota arcoxia 30 precio pastillas duetact venta en mexico costo del temovate en lima medrol aerosol precio mexico cual es el precio del zestril en guatemala venta de acticin en concepcion chile venta de motrin en new york precio de wellbutrin suspension precio flagyl er pastillas venezuela super avana venta en tegucigalpa keflex en spray precio precio de lindeza tricor pastillas bentyl venta df pastillas arcoxia precio en venezuela precio de bentyl en mty pastillas depakote precio en colombia luvox 500 bayer precio brahmi precio gyne lotrimin suspension precio mexico erexor venta en venezuela anacin plus precio venezuela venta de erythromycin en farmacias de bogota strattera pastillas precio en mexico orlistat tabletas presentaciones avalide precio madrid costo del proventil en el peru dutas genérico opiniones nombre genérico del plaquenil precio de la pastilla ditropan en honduras precio de la crema pariet en mexico precio de diclofenac en lima precio de risperdal tabletas en mexico venta de protonix en farmacias chile nitrofurantoin bayer precio españa venta de pastillas levothroid precio de tulsi sleep en el salvador nimotop venta en santiago de chile glucophage crema precio farmacia ahorro precio silagra crema en españa zofran tabletas embarazo pilex tabletas fuego precio panmycin tabletas zovirax 4 tabletas precio venta minocycline bolivia santa cruz dilantin tabletas nombre comercial cual es el precio de bentyl en guatemala pastilla seroquel precio ecuador venta de lynoral femenino en ecuador chloroquine pastillas precio en mexico aricept venta en bogota colombia colchicine dm compuesto precio precio del vermox en mexico 2014 venta de lopid en bogota costo de cipro en argentina avalide pastillas precio en mexico aricept tabletas para que sirve zestril f tabletas para que sirve precio de prilosec 10 10 aristocort venta en el df precio bupropion generico españa venta de pastillas panmycin en argentina generico de premarin tabletas retin a lugares de venta en lima venta de alavert en pachuca costo del lariam en argentina precio del alesse en farmacias del ahorro precio del triamcinolone 80 carafate colombia precio precio nicotinell cinfa venta de hojas gyne lotrimin accutane misoprostol que precio tiene venta de hyzaar en monterrey pastillas strattera precio ecuador venta pastillas serpina en quito venta de noroxin online argentina zantac f tabletas precio precio del brahmi en ecuador precio del cefixime 80 venta de procardia en valencia carabobo medrol jarabe precio precio de trimox 10/40 zofran venta en el ecuador clomid precio en ecuador venta de pastillas finax en argentina genérico de ciplox venta de maxalt en inkafarma hydrochlorothiazide precio sin receta genérico aristocort budesonide 100 mcg inyeccion anticonceptiva depo diflucan precio bentyl venta en cuenca precio del doxycycline generico en españa venta de slimex sin receta en santiago precio de capsulas flomax venta amantadine hermosillo venta de kytril en farmacias de guatemala cabgolin precio sin receta pastillas remeron venta bogota xalatan generico venta en farmacias costo de diclofenac costo de la pastilla rosuvastatin en ecuador precio de pletal crema mexico sinemet (200μg misoprostol) precio precio del uroxatral pediatrico carbozyne venta libre en ecuador donde comprar minocycline barato mircette vademecum precio venta de risperdal en peru 2012 arava herpes labial precio aciphex venta en cusco venta de atarax en madrid venta de gyne lotrimin online venta de pastillas lotrisone en tampico bupropión (nitrofurantoin®) precio
Home All Articles The Clemens Defamation Lawsuit: Proving the Case

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The Clemens Defamation Lawsuit: Proving the Case PDF Print E-mail
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Articles & Opinion
Written by Patrick K. Thornton   
Wednesday, 09 January 2008 07:03

A Biz of Baseball OriginalContrary to what most legal experts believed, Roger Clemens has now filed a defamation lawsuit against his former trainer and friend Brian McNamee.  Lawyers for both sides had been posturing for weeks with McNamee’s lawyers stating several times that McNamee was actually contemplating suing Clemens for defamation.  McNamee’s lawyers have already indicated they will object to jurisdiction in the recent lawsuit filed by Clemens and will attempt to move the case to federal court in Brooklyn.  Where the trial is actually held could prove the deciding factor if the case ever makes it to a jury.

Clemens has repeatedly denied steroid use.  He appeared on 60 Minutes the same day the lawsuit was filed and denied that he has ever used steroids.  The next day he held a press conference where he once again angrily denied any steroid use.  Clemens’s preemptive act of filing a defamation lawsuit has clearly shown he is not going to sit idly by and wait for this matter to resolve itself. He clearly drew a line in the sand when he filed the lawsuit.  McNamee will now have to answer the Clemens lawsuit and will most likely fill a counter-claim against Clemens alleging Clemens defamed him.  Once the parties have filed the initial pleadings McNamee’s lawyer will attempt to have the case moved to New York to be heard by a New York jury.  The discovery phase of the lawsuit should produce some interesting results.  Both parties to the litigation will have to give a deposition which is sworn testimony but not in the presence of a jury or judge.  Deposition testimony is treated just as the same if the witness is testifying in front of a judge or jury.  Clemens will be questioned by the lawyers for McNamee and Clemens’s lawyers will question McNamee.  Both parties to the lawsuit will certainly be subject to hours of intense questioning by opposing lawyers in the lawsuit.   

A trial may be more than two years away and they are many possible land mines for both parties along the way. Litigation always has surprises for the parties in the form of a new found witness or document.  Whatever court the case ends up in will certainly require the parties to attempt to mediate their dispute and try to settle the case.  Most plaintiffs in a defamation case seek damages to recover for loss of reputation but it is uncertain and probably doubtful if McNamee is a collectable defendant if the matter ever ended in a verdict for Clemens for money damages.  If McNamee files a counter-claim and a jury finds in his favor then he might be able to collect damages from Clemens.  Other likely deponents during discovery could include former Yankees manager Joe Torre, Andy Pettitte, former Clemens’s teammates and anyone who may have knowledge about whether Clemens allegedly used steroids.  Former Senator George Mitchell might even be required to give a deposition if the matter is not settled prior to the discovery phase of the lawsuit. 

(Select Read More to see the rest of this original article on The Biz of Baseball)

Richard Emery, one of McNamee’s lawyers, has clearly stated he thinks the lawsuit has no merit:

"I think it's dismissible on its face. I think it's a press release for Clemens and his career.  The case is shoddy at best. The prosecutors acted completely professionally in this case…”

It is strategic that Clemens filed the lawsuit on the same day he appeared on 60 Minutes.  Filing a lawsuit does not necessarily mean however, that he will pursue it to a jury verdict.  He could always agree to dismiss the lawsuit at later date or the parties could settle their dispute and agree that the terms of any agreement be kept confidential.  Interestedly, Clemens did not sue Major League Baseball only McNamee.  He might have argued that MLB published the report and therefore, damaged his reputation as well.  Maybe Clemens’s thought better of it.  Clemens’s lawyer Rusty Hardin was very clear in stating in the press conference on January 7, 2007 that the lawsuit in no way reflected poorly on George Mitchell or his investigation.  He stated several times that the former Senator’s credibility and character was impeccable. 

The fourteen page lawsuit alleges that McNamee’s statements that he injected Clements with steroids are “false and defamatory per se because they are not true, and they injured Clemens’s reputation and exposed him to public hatred, contempt, ridicule, and financial injury.  McNamee made the allegations with actual malice, knowing they were false.”  (Plaintiff’s Petition Paragraph 34). 

The Clemens lawsuit has summarily stated:

“Though McNamee’s allegations comprise only eight pages of a 409-page report, they captured the attention of the nation, fueled rampant speculation, and irreparably tainted the reputation of one of baseball’s hardest working and most talented pitchers.” (Plaintiff's Petition Paragraph 7).

The lawsuit lists fifteen alleged statements made by McNamee to federal investigators all of which Clements claims are “untrue and defamatory.”  The lawsuit alleges that during an interrogation by federal law enforcement authorities in June 2007, “McNamee told others that he repeatedly denied that Clemens had used steroids or HGH.”  (Plaintiff's Petition Paragraph 26).  The lawsuit further alleges that McNamee was facing the threat of federal prosecution so he agreed to speak with the Mitchell Commission.  He then stated he injected Clemens with steroids.

Interestedly, Clemens also notes in his lawsuit that McNamee was once a suspect in a rape investigation in Florida.  (Plaintiff’s Petition Paragraph 20). This will certainly present itself as a credibility problem for McNamee in the Clemens lawsuit.  Lawyers for Clemens will clearly want to note that McNamee has difficulty telling the truth during that investigation. Clemens says he stopped training with McNamee after the 2001 season when he learned McNamee was a suspect.  No formal charges were ever brought against McNamee although Clemens alleged in his lawsuit that McNamee lied to the police in Florida and “refused their requests for evidence in a situation when he denied any wrong-doing…” (Plaintiff’s Petition Paragraph 20).  Sports Illustrated has reported that the St. Petersburg Police has stated McNamee lied to them during the rape investigation.  Sports Illustrated, Police say McNamee lied in 2001, January 8, 2008.  Clemens states that McNamee’s dismissal from the Yankees organization and from Clemens as well left him “embittered”.  (Plaintiff’s Petition Paragraph 20).  Clemens further alleges in his lawsuit that although “McNamee’s explanation was totally at odds with the conclusion of the police officers conducts the investigation,” {sic} Clemens did not know any of these facts so he re-hired McNamee once again. (Plaintiff’s Petition Paragraph 21).

The tort of defamation consists of both libel, defamation by words written or print, or slander, communication by spoken words.  Defamation of character involves wrongfully hurting a person’s good reputation.  The law does improve a general duty on all persons to refrain from making false, defamatory statement of facts about others.  In Texas, where the case is currently pending, to prove a case for defamation a plaintiff must prove:

  1. That the defendant published a statement.  In this case publication would mean communication to a person other than the defamed party.
  2. That the statement was defamatory.
  3. That the defendant acted with “actual malice.”

An individual who is deemed a “public figure” under the law must prove “actual malice” to prevail in a defamation lawsuit.  Public figures generally have some access to a public medium for responding to defeat false statements; private individuals generally do not have such access.  Clemens would most certainly be considered a public figure under the law. To prevail he will have to prove that McNamee “acted with a knowledge of falsity or with a high degree of awareness of probable falsity of the publication at issue”, to prevail on his claim.  New York Times, Inc v. Isaacks, 146 S.W. 3d 144, 165 (Tex. 2004).  It will be a difficult burden for Clemens to prove.  McNamee’s defense will be that he is telling the truth.  If a jury believed he was telling the truth then Clemens’s lawsuit against him will fail. 

In a rather odd twist between the two old friends and new litigants, a seventeen minute phone conversation occurred between Clemens and McNamee on Friday, January 4, 2007.  During the rather emotional conversation McNamee asks Clemens several times “what do you want me to do.”  Clemens noted during the guarded conversation between the two that he just wanted the truth to come out.  Clemens’s lawyers were in the room during the conversation and he was being very careful not to tell McNamee what to say. 

The Mitchell Report was a bombshell and linked many baseball stars to steroid use.  Some stepped forward and admitted use including Clemens’s good friend and teammate Andy Pettitte.  Clemens chose to take the offensive and file a lawsuit.  He has demanded he is innocent and says he should get the benefit of the doubt.  Clemens has now become the face of the Mitchell Report.  Add to the Mitchell Report and the lawsuit a congressional investigation.  Clemens has said he will voluntarily testify in front of Congress.  Andy Pettitte’s lawyer, Jay Reisinger recently said it is “premature” to say whether Pettitte will testify in front of Congress.  McNamee has also said he will testify before Congress as well.

Where does this existing lawsuit go from here?  Could the lawsuit actually end in a jury trial with a parade of star witnesses such as Clemens, Pettitte, George Mitchell, and Barry Bonds testifying?  It is highly improbable that the lawyers or the parties to the lawsuit desire such an outcome.  Lawsuits however have ways of getting a life of their own and when pride becomes a factor for the parties or the lawyers they tend to drag on with no resolution.  The next move is McNamee’s.  It is certainly a tormented dilemma for two very close friends who are now locked in a legal battle in the midst of one of baseball’s ugliest scandals.


Patrick K. Thornton is a Professor at Houston Baptist University where he is the faculty advisor for the MBA in Sports Management.  He also teaches “Baseball and the Law” at the University of Houston Law School and Sports Law at Rice University and South Texas College of Law.
 
 
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