icici credit card apply eligibility best credit cards to have in your wallet i need a credit card number and security code dbs black american express credit card good credit cards to have instant credit card approval singapore city bank credit card customer care phone number india apply for natwest student credit card existing hsbc credit card balance transfer does mobil gas station take credit cards halifax credit card application address first premier credit card for bad credit citibank credit card citibank credit card reviews india black cardigan zara barclaycard balance transfer offers free background search no credit card online payday loans no credit check ontario monthly credit card payments calculator going over credit limit credit score us airways mastercard review pay walmart credit card best credit card deals to use abroad hsbc premier credit card interest free marriott rewards credit card uk review best business credit card canada 2013 business credit cards rewards reviews vanilla visa prepaid debit cards instant bad credit loans no paperwork college student credit card with no credit history mastercard prepaid login what kind of credit card should i get with bad credit aqua credit card contact details visa credit card company customer service bank of america credit card rewards unsecured credit cards for bad credit 2013 quick cash loans for students does walmart canada sell prepaid credit cards easiest credit card approval canada chase freedom credit card after bankruptcy sbi credit card offers cash loans to your door belfast hdfc credit card reward points redemption catalogue free no credit credit cards credit card information free 2013 lane bryant online credit card application what is a good credit card apr citibank mtvu credit card for students personal online loan lenders business credit cards cash back us airways mastercard benefits instant payday loans with bad credit best buy credit card login canada top 10 credit cards cash back hdfc credit card help desk mail best no annual fee no foreign transaction fee credit card fast same day payday loans check my visa gift card balance online best cash rewards credit card 2013 credit card apply online axis bank best credit card deals 2013 bdo online credit card application philippines how to register a hdfc credit card online online no fax payday loan company easy credit card australia visa credit card for students philippines credit card loan consolidation rates credit card debt help for single mothers prepaid credit card canada reloadable new look black cropped cardigan how to calculate apr per month credit card partially secured credit cards bad credit get a credit card today american express platinum cashback credit card travel insurance online payday loan easy approval chase visa credit card information cash rewards credit cards comparison tips for getting a secured credit card citibank platinum credit card india go compare prepaid credit cards real credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2013 where can i get a personal loan with bad credit how to get a credit card with bad credit history cash payday loans in georgia which credit card should i get singapore compare credit card balance transfers australia easiest credit card to get approved uk top 10 rewards credit cards direct lender payday loans instant approval no credit check how to pick a front door lock with a credit card 10 best credit cards to have best credit cards cash back rewards hdfc bank credit card helpline no kolkata citibank credit card types rbs black credit card bank of america visa signature 400 cash back temporary visa credit card number credit card fraud prison sentence uk hdfc credit card bank chennai lane bryant credit card address payment credit card with bad credit rating australia city bank credit card statement natwest student credit card ppi credit card application has been referred using cibc visa debit card online hsbc credit card offers india disney rewards credit card login visa black card review vs amex platinum how to download free apps for ipad 2 without credit card ace payday online loans discover credit card company complaints standard chartered credit card travel offers 0 interest balance transfer credit cards visa debit card credit history air miles credit card canada no annual fee credit card online payment citibank the best credit cards 2013 malaysia platinum card post office credit card fraud punishment can range best reward credit card 2013 no annual fee virgin atlantic black card uk best 0 balance transfer and purchases credit cards united credit card login credit card merchant agreement id instant online loan quote ge money bank credit cards care credit tesco credit card online account manager free credit card reader paypal review best payday loans online 0 balance transfer and purchase credit cards 0 percent interest credit card for 24 months apply first credit card student can you apply for a maurices credit card online sample dispute letter to credit card company hsbc credit card application online status pink hello kitty credit card credit cards apply online ireland choosing a credit card comparing all the options credit card offer on snapdeal bank of america credit cards review united miles credit card deals credit card application form wells fargo credit card fraud alert employee use of company credit card policy storing credit card information law canada guaranteed acceptance for the halifax all in one credit card chase joint credit card application bank of america cash reward credit cards capital one credit card droid app virtual credit cards free from paypal waive southwest credit card annual fee hsbc credit card rewards philippines personal bad credit loans online hdfc new credit card login capital one secured credit card limit canada apply for discover student credit card top 50 credit cards best small business credit card reviews tesco credit card interest refund how to apply credit card online in hdfc can you use cash back visa gift card lowest interest rate credit card visa student credit card check the status of my first premier credit card application do you get credit checked for a company credit card how to pay sbi credit card bill online from citibank citibank credit card promotions philippines credit cards no income students bad credit payday loan lenders online credit cards apply axis bank credit card offers which is the best credit card in india yahoo answers rbs consumer credit card cards online credit card points comparison chart starbucks credit card processor can credit card companies garnish your wages in pennsylvania nab credit card interest free period how do i apply for a visa credit card credit card logos psd bad credit cards guaranteed approval uk wells fargo credit card machines for small business allied cash advance top 5 credit cards 2011 hdfc credit cards customer care phone number hsbc credit cards online payments sbi credit card payment login andhra bank credit card apply online credit card application online malaysia paypal credit card payment limit how long does it take to get credit card in the mail apply for capital one unsecured credit card lic online payment through hdfc credit card charges mbna cash back credit card canada how to transfer balance to new credit card payday lenders uk only tesco credit card online payment what is credit card apr 0 balance transfer fee credit card offers credit card processing machines are discover student credit cards good hdfc gold credit card interest rates cpp credit card protection review ge capital retail bank credit cards instant unsecured bad credit loans axis bank credit card apply procedure top 10 best payday loan lenders low interest rate credit card canada best buy credit card canada chase standard chartered credit card review philippines money mart prepaid credit cards in canada hdfc credit card toll free number from airtel credit score needed for capital one business card exxon mobil gas credit cards can i apply for a walmart credit card online wells fargo health advantage credit card account application best student credit cards 2010 new credit card offers new credit cards for bad credit what happens to my credit score if i cancel a credit card how to accept credit cards small business australia united credit card offer 2011 mastercard prepaid credit cards philippines does it hurt your credit to apply for credit cards and get denied old navy credit card payments canadian credit card comparison 2011 chase credit card score 600 unsecured loan bad credit instant decision best credit card offer for travel valid credit card number and security code elavon credit card processing costco credit card app for windows 8 phone people;s united bank credit card apply for hsbc secured credit card usaa federal savings bank credit card phone number go ge capital credit card axis bank credit card cash back offer credit card limit calculator based on salary types of online credit card fraud us bank credit card application under review promo credit card bank mega where can i get a bad credit credit card how do i apply for a sears credit card online hdfc international credit card customer care credit card limit 10000 lane bryant credit card payment phone number hdfc bank credit card bill payment options free online loan quote barclays platinum card travel insurance paypal credit card numbers generator payday loans no fees no credit checks corporate credit card no personal guarantee customer reviews discover credit cards bad credit need credit card canada zero interest credit cards 24 months easier get credit card credit union best online payday loans yahoo answers instant payday loan lenders credit cards deals2buy credit card protection insurance india walmart credit card login canada student credit card hdfc credit card login bill payment compare visa credit cards australia prepaid credit cards for international travel best reward points credit card singapore different types of credit cards in india rewards cards for bad credit best buy credit card apply in store easy credit cards to apply for online 1 year post bankruptcy credit cards consolidate credit card debt chase 02 pay as you go credit card aeroplan credit cards canada no fee can a credit card company take money from a joint account credit card processing companies for bad credit how to get the best credit card processing rates american express platinum card login sears credit card applications online loans with bad credit and no job hdfc credit card payment status online mobile phone credit card processing android anz credit card low interest best credit card for travel rewards uk wells fargo student credit card limit increase icici credit card customer care number kochi loans for bad credit direct lenders lost everyday rewards cards best credit card for person with no credit history which credit card can i get with bad credit best zero interest credit cards 2012 credit card numbers master cards hsbc credit card insurance travel visa student credit card with no credit hdfc online application for credit card secured credit cards with cashback rewards royal bank visa debit cards canada credit card 0 apr cash back mastercard premium credit cards low interest rate credit card philippines unsecured bad credit loan nz hdfc credit card reward points catalogue 2013 instant cash loans online unemployed catalogues for bad credit with a credit account apply for a credit card with bad credit online instant approval best 0 apr balance transfer credit card citibank credit card online payment best prepaid visa credit card visa card protection scheme hsbc high risk credit cards halifax credit card 0 balance transfer hdfc bank credit card register and pay login credit card student australia how to get credit card details from xbox apple credit card details change gold card national rail discounts instant cash advance uk get online loan bad credit chase bad credit cards status of credit card application hsbc bad credit payday loans direct lenders only discover credit card payment address applied bank? secured visa? gold credit card hdfc credit cards payment online does a secured credit card help bad credit costco merchant credit card services uk how to build credit with your first credit card need cash fast bad credit payday loans how do i apply for a walmart credit card online in canada how do payday advance loans work best credit cards for bankruptcy filers new payday loan lenders uk 2013 travel rewards cards for fair credit chase credit card application rejected apple credit card support british airways credit card offer review can you pay walmart credit card with gift card online payday loan companies no credit credit card minimum payment law 2011 icici credit card offer on ebay fake credit card numbers and security codes for netflix list of credit card numbers wikipedia capital one secured credit card no credit credit card machine for iphone marriott chase business credit card no fee credit card credit card instant approval and use should i pay off my student loans or invest paypal credit card reader for pc capitec online loan application form hilton platinum credit card uk calculate credit card interest formula best credit cards for college students with bad credit can i store my credit cards on my iphone good credit card transfer deals international credit card fees lawsuit apply for hsbc credit card usa unsecured credit card bad credit no deposit required credit card balance transfer offers malaysia anz visa credit card exchange rate best delta skymiles credit card post office credit card login small cash loans now tesco 0 credit card review 12 month interest free credit cards on purchases axis bank gold credit card online apply direct payday loan lender only tesco credit card visa mastercard best bad credit loan reviews barclays business credit card us capital one credit cards uk apply for a credit card pay sears credit card account online uk credit card no foreign transaction fees is applying for a credit card online safe american airlines credit card offers american express lirik platinum cardcaptor sakura does costco accept mastercard credit cards best us airways credit card offer 2012 interest free credit cards bad credit rating standard chartered credit card bank singapore car finance bad credit uk best value credit card australia 2013 low rate credit card comparison major oil company credit cards shell gas station credit card login pnc visa business credit card login national city credit card payment does canadian tire sell prepaid credit cards united credit card offer flyertalk long term cash advance loans secured bank of america credit card visa credit card for bad credit unsecured using debit and credit cards in canada chase credit card app for android toys r us store credit card uk free credit reports scores no credit card needed best gas rebate credit cards 2013 tesco credit card online my account credit card fraud detection using hidden markov model algorithm old manual credit card machine no credit check credit cards with high limits best credit card for travel benefits iphone credit card payment fast payday loans online south africa balance transfer how to lower credit card interest rate capital one city bank credit card customer care phone number singapore barclays credit card contact address us prepaid credit card paypal bank of america credit card international fees credit cards online instant decision green or black cardamom credit rewards cards best credit cards deals 2011 apply for credit card with no credit or bad credit gnc gold card discount sign up for a free prepaid credit card walmart credit card reviews 2013 new law about credit cards 2013 hdfc credit card review india icici bank credit cards online apply debit credit card machines costco best department store credit cards for bad credit compare low rate balance transfer credit cards should you pay off high interest credit cards first easy fast online payday loans comparing credit cards uk cash converters personal loans liverpool good credit cards for average credit rating transfer balance credit cards for bad credit hsbc balance transfer singapore department store credit cards easy approval get a credit card with bad credit score 0 balance transfer fee most popular credit cards visa mastercard instant payday loan online approval student credit card commonwealth bank australia transfer credit card balance to low interest loan is a prepaid credit card a good idea how long after chapter 7 bankruptcy can i get a credit card good air mile credit cards credit card protection plan no annual fee credit cards means secured visa credit card application hsbc visa credit card online registration city bank credit card customer care number in delhi hdfc bank credit cards helpline cash loans for bad credit and no bank account cash back credit card comparison 2012 simple interest loan vs credit card calculator barclays credit card uae contact number credit card cash advance atm limit top bad credit loan companies unsecured credit card debt canada unsecured credit card for bad credit instant approval best online payday loans for bad credit mis sold ppi credit card calculator bank of america credit card processing fees amazon chase student credit card instant online loans unemployed business rewards credit cards visa card security code 0 interest credit cards for 24 months canada 5 best credit cards for college students payday lenders uk no credit check prepaid credit card gift uk best credit card to build credit rating are best buy credit cards hard to get maurices credit card review payday cash advance reviews sbi platinum card limit free prepaid visa card blank automatic credit card billing authorization form low interest personal loans with bad credit td canada trust visa application credit card rate reduction services visa cards canada comparison types of credit cards accepted at costco firestone credit card benefits best travel points credit card 2011 cash advance credit card atm pin halifax credit card no fee abroad how do i get my starbucks gold card best credit cards to have in usa suze orman credit card debt consolidation chase credit card poor credit starbucks gold card benefits soy milk list of online payday lenders amazon bank of america credit card contact number prepaid credit card help build credit smartphone credit card terminal uk how to apply for credit card with bad credit in india is credit card interest tax deductible on schedule c ocbc credit card promotions singapore secured credit cards bad credit uk which credit card for balance transfers chevron visa card application status 4 major credit cards who owns visa credit card company cash back credit card explained canada credit cards low interest
Home All Articles Native American Prospects Hold Key To Past & Present

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 1482 guests online

Atom RSS

Native American Prospects Hold Key To Past & Present PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 6
Articles & Opinion
Written by Diane M. Grassi   
Thursday, 29 March 2007 06:51

A Biz of Baseball Original ArticleThe dawn of the 2007 Major League Baseball (MLB) season is perhaps the best time to reflect upon baseball’s past and its hopes for the future. At no other time of the season will fans’ aspirations be as high without need for qualification.

As teams gear up for Opening Day on April 1st, major league camps in both the Grapefruit and Cactus Leagues have had the enviable positions to not only evaluate the 2007 starting line-ups but to get a look at what the future holds for 2008 and 2009. And in that regard, Spring Training has routinely become important not only to evaluate present-day players but for the prognostication of what teams can expect down the road.

Baseball is arguably the sport most intertwined with its history and legacy along with its impact on society. Its past demands that it be revisited, especially when speaking about its future, as we explore here two notable and historically unique minor league prospects.

It was in 1887 when the first American Indian is believed to have competed in the major leagues. James Madison Toy, of partial Indian ancestry played in the American Association League in that year as well as in 1890. Toy preceded Louis Sockalexis, the first officially acknowledged American Indian who competed for the Cleveland Spiders of the National League in 1897 until 1899.

Although Native Americans entered the world of professional baseball 50 years prior to African Americans, who competed in the Negro Leagues, until Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier by signing his minor league contract with Dodgers in 1945, there have been less than 50 Native Americans of full Indian ancestry to compete in the Major Leagues since 1897.

JobaCharles Albert “Chief” Bender is the sole Native American elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, although Jim Thorpe was perhaps the best-known Native American player of the 20th century as he excelled in multiple sports.

There are, however, many well-known Hall of Famers who are of part Native American ancestry such as Johnny Bench, Willie Stargell and Early Wynn.

At long last, the drought of notable Native American future hopefuls in MLB may be over. One of them can be found in the New York Yankees organization and the other in the organization of its rival, the Boston Red Sox. Right handed starting pitcher, Joba Chamberlain, was landed by the Yankees in the 2006 draft, signed as a supplemental first-round pick and 41st overall. Chamberlain is a member of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska. After competing for two years for the University of Nebraska, having only started to play baseball as a senior in high school in Lincoln, Nebraska, Chamberlain led his team to the 2005 College World Series going 10-2 for the season with a 2.81 ERA.

(Select Read More to view the rest of this article)

Now 21, Chamberlain has been clocked with a 98-mph fastball and has been favorably compared by physique, delivery and his portfolio of pitches to Cleveland Indians pitcher, C.C. Sabathia. Most important for the Yankees, is not to rush Chamberlain to the Big Show too early, as he has a history of weight and triceps tendonitis problems. He spent the winter in the Hawaiian Winter League where his progress continued, followed by an invite to Spring Training. Yet, it is his strong mental makeup which is central to his battling any problems which may arise along the way, according to the Yankees. Slated to start in A-ball at the beginning of 2007, Chamberlain could end the season as high as AAA, with a possible shot at making the Yankees rotation in 2008.

Another Native American star in the making spent Spring Training in Red Sox Nation. Jacoby Ellsbury, whose mother is of full Navajo descent and a member of the Colorado River Tribe, has taken his partial Native American heritage quite seriously. Ellsbury, signed by Boston in the first round of the draft in 2005 as the 23rd overall pick, is a left-handed outfielder who competed for Oregon State University where he was the 2005 Pac-10 Conference Conference Player of the year and an All Academic Honorable Mention. Ellsbury was ranked as the fastest base runner and 3rd best defensive outfielder of eligible college players in Baseball America’s Best Tools Survey for 2005.

Ellsbury’s speed coupled with power to all fields, according to the Red Sox, most closely resembles Johnny Damon’s playing style and the hope is that he will at least spend part of the 2008 season at the major league level while becoming a regular starter in 2009.

And a recent former major leaguer, Bobby Madritsch, pitched for the Seattle Mariners in 2004 and 2005 and was traded to the Kansas City Royals for the 2006 season. Madritsch is of Lakota Sioux heritage. He recovered at age 28 from reconstructive shoulder surgery when the Mariners signed him. Unfortunately, he re-injured his shoulder and tore his labrum in 2005 and the Royals eventually released him. Now 31, Madritsch has not elected another surgery but is still attempting a comeback in some organization with a minor league contract for 2007. Thus far, only the Philadelphia Phillies have shown any interest.

All three of these players have one commonality in addition to their Native American roots, however, and that is that they grew up off of the Indian reservation, regardless of their heritage. Ellsbury had limited time living at the Warms Springs reservation early in his childhood, where his mother is a special education teacher, but he grew up in Madras, Oregon. Chamberlain grew up in Lincoln, Nebraska and Madritsch, while born on an Indian reservation, was taken away when he was but 2 months old and raised amongst the rough neighborhoods of Chicago.

Key to their success, however, is that all three men assimilated into American life, unlike other Native American boys living on Indian reservations and thereby increased their odds for success later in life. Still, unbeknownst to most Americans, the reservations remain rife with poverty with a lack of general services. There exists a high school dropout rate of over 40%, an unemployment rate of over 60% and the poverty rate exceeds 25%. Healthcare and education are under-funded while diabetes, obesity, alcohol and drug abuse are pervasive problems. And all of this remaining depravity is present in spite of the fact that the Indian Gaming Association touts that there are now   Indian gaming casinos in 28 states which have proliferated over the past decade.

And the lack of participation in sports on either the collegiate or professional levels by Native Americans prevails. The overriding concept ingrained in Native American culture is that standing out for individual accomplishment is in direct conflict with the importance of functioning as a group. Enjoying success apart from the tribe is not rewarded but rather scorned. As such, athletes who leave and go on to have a modicum of success only return to the reservation to face criticism and rejection by family and friends. This is often too much to reconcile in the mind of an adolescent.

Many Native American athletes additionally suffer from a bad rap by college coaches or professional scouts as well. Few coaches avail themselves to the talent on the reservations. Most are told, by the scant few who have actually approached Native American communities, that they will be let down by the Native American’s inability to successfully assimilate on the college or professional level. Moreover, coaches worry about academic eligibility of these prospective students.

Making the transition from a sheltered life on a reservation to a college campus requires basic life skills which are lacking without the proper guidance. And feelings of guilt about achieving success have led Native American athletes to deliberately sabotage his or her chances to thrive. They would rather go back to a depraved life that is familiar to them and be around family rather than vying for a better stake in life.

Not dissimilar to the lack of effort exhibited by MLB in its investment of players from the African American community, it as well as the universities routinely seek out players overseas rather than even approach potential which exists on Indian reservations. The idea is dismissed out of hand. But unlike the youth of the African American community, who generally long to escape a life of poverty and crime-ridden neighborhoods, the Native American needs to be exposed to options in a way which can work in concert with their culture and customs, yet improve their lot in life.

Both Chamberlain and Ellsbury find themselves in unique positions, given the level of expectations for them on the big league level. And since they remain members of their respective tribes, they have the opportunity to foster a new dialog between MLB and the Native American community as well as to implore scouts and college coaches to not give up on their people. Therefore, it is ever more important that these two players by virtue of their climb to success at the major league level and beyond play a key role in introducing a whole new source of untapped talent of American boys, who just happen to live on a reservation.

“I think coaches might find out that the reservations contain some extraordinary athletes….It takes a special coach to bring them along, give them the security they need,” according to South Dakota State Representative, Ron Volesky, a member of the Lakota Sioux and a Harvard graduate. He too grew up primarily away from the reservation.

But let us hope that the Native American population can give to those of their own heritage, who have been successful, the necessary access to its most important asset, its children, in that they have a chance for a better life, whether it be in sports or some other discipline.

Diane M. Grassi is a contributing writer for The Biz of Baseball.

This column presents the opinions of the author. It does not necessarily reflect the views of The Biz of Baseball, or BizBall LLC.

Grassi's complete profile and contact information can be viewed here.

All Rights Reserved by the author. Please contact the author for any full republication rights.



Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?