brand cialis 10mg doxycycline buy overnight cialis 25 mg 14 st cialis generica doxycycline 25mg feline cialis generico legale prednisone 5 mg benefits yahoo online viagra metformin 1000 mg tabletta reputable clomid online viagra 1 cpr 50 mg order phenergan online propecia online uk online viagra siparis viagra 25mg young proscar propecia online Cialis 20mg 30 Tabs lisinopril buy cheap generic valtrex dosage levitra 10 mg 2 compresse drug lexapro 10 mg zithromax 500mg cyprus indicaciones diflucan 150 mg albuterol generic ventolin lasix 20 mg iw generic drugs nexium levitra 20 mg siparis pauto cialis 20 mg generic 10mg levitra viagra online guide buying cialis legally cheap viagra farmacia online kamagra xenical 500mg 200 mg doxycycline dog generic cialis comparison wellbutrin 500 mg manfaat doxycycline 100mg lisinopril nombre generico cheap legal cialis ip nolvadex 20mg cheap cialis auckland levitra cheap australia fluconazole generic diflucan viagra 100mg usa buy viagra manila lexapro 10 mg tabs buy cheap celebrex strattera 60 mg prix cialis safe online cialis generic brand buuy strattera 100mg efeitos viagra 25mg india cialis online pharmacy viagra online viagra 50 mg fiyat buy Cialis 120 diflucan fluconazole generic duree cialis 5mg doxycycline generic brand doxycycline 100mg kaufen clomid order online 2011 zovirax 200 mg hinta apo prednisone 50 mg viagra generic forum viagra generic cialis lexaprovs generic lexapro fabricante cialis generico doxycycline 100mg spc buy nexium coupon 20 mg cialis safe clomid 50 mg success viagra 25 mg efectos cheap viagra pompharmacy prednisone tablets 20 mg buying cialis dublin propecia purchase generic viagra 100 mg bijsluiter generic viagra .55 doxycycline 100mg francais generic nexium safe 5 mg of levitra propecia 0 5 mg buy kamagra manchester buy fda cialis propecia 1mg kroger prijzen cialis 5 mg xenical 120 mg seattle prednisone 20 mg acne lexapro online store lasix 40 mg im strattera 5 mg pret nogales generic viagra prices cialis 5 mg online viagra danger cialis dapoxetine cheap order levitra usa doxycycline 100mg human cheap generic lexapro zovirax generic for taking 40mg levitra hydrochlorothiazide 15 mg cialis 200 mg prezzo cialis 20 mg 12 filmtabletten viagra 100mg kaina hydrochlorothiazide tabs 12.5mg manfaat propranolol 10 mg brand viagra buy cialis online questions manfaat levitra 5 mg nolvadex tabletas 20 mg order valtrex overnight clomid twins 25mg cialis 5 mg generico cialis precio 10 mg augmentin 500 mg indicaciones cialis 5 mg vademecum taking 2 150 mg wellbutrin highest mg strattera erfahrung cialis 10mg kamagra 100.mg srpski order cialis pils cialis 5 mg or 10 priligy 30 mg review price cialis 10 mg propecia buy australia wellbutrin generic companies wellbutrin 10 mg clomid 150 online cialis professionnel 20 mg online viagra legit generic viagra wiki generic lexapro safe 1000 augmentin 1000mg nexium 40 mg kullananlar viagra 25 mg ausreichend novo prednisone 50mg buy viagra ebay the cheapest lexapro clomid buy buy levitra nz buy viagra wolfi lisinopril 10 mg used nolvadex 10mg bula propecia brand 5mg priligy 60 mg filmtabletten split 20mg cialis youtube buy viagra prednisone 50mg tablet buying viagra yahoo buy brand cialis true generic viagra 200mg clomid 150 mg. generic viagra nexium online best to buy prednisone doxycycline 500mg erythromycin 250 mg dosage taking lexapro 20mg generic 25mg viagra cialis generique 10mg order nolvadex online propranolol actavis 10 mg viagra cost 50 mg posologia nexium 40 mg celebrex 200 mg purpose buy viagra bangkok 2013 generic cialis mexico xenical 120 mg 168 caps generic viagra safe using cialis 20mg propecia coupons online cialis 100mg effets celebrex cap 100mg generic wellbutrin 75 mg buy nexium cheap cialis france online lisinopril 5mg packungsbeilage buy augmentin 500 doxycycline trihydrate 750 mg buy lexapro forum taking generic cialis buy synthroid medication viagra 25 mg safe cialis professional buy nexium 40mg espanol prednisone 5mg hematoma buy nolvadex 30 pills danger online viagra levitra cialis online clomid online generic propranolol bula 10mg generic priligy tablets citalopram lexapro generic buy lisinopril uk cheap viagra brand lisinopril 10 mg day lexapro generic online superactive cialis 40 mg finax generic propecia viagra 25 mg pris synthroid 25 mg bula viagra sample online cialis 100 mg 20 mg propecia 1mg thailand generic levitra prices cialis 40 mg hrvatska lexapro generic patent zovirax 800 mg posologie bulk buy1000 viagra buspar 30 mg high metformin 1000 mg benefits 100mg cialis desciption buy propranolol canada precio levitra 5mg lexapro tab 10mg generic levitra 10 mg glucophage to buy generic valtrex efficacy generic to valtrex 200mg generic cialis buy viagra discretely buy viagra overseas buy viagra forums cialis 5 mg dosaggio lasix 2 5 mg viagra dubai buy celebrex 40mg priligy generico ecuador cialis 5 mg efecto zithromax online generic lisinopril 20mg tab qualitest lisinopril 20 mg viagra online betrug viagra cheap online generic levitra available augmentin 500 mg duration prednisone 50 mg alcohol cialis 30 mg erection cipro 100 mg cialis online france buy nolvadex kroger cipro 750 mg chymidia buy nolvadex steroid le cialis 5mg xenical generico prezzi taking 200 mg viagra exporters generic viagra bactrim generic for xenical 120 mg indication 150 mg viagra dangers zovirax suspension 200mg cheapest viagra philippine fda generic viagra levitra 10 mg prices clomid online overnight strattera generic availability cheap price propecia clomid generic walgreens prednisone 1omg were buy cytotec order cialis paypal generic levitra cheapest generic diflucan walgreens nexium generic there viagra online sa buy viagra algodones buy levitra ecuador viagra online nachnahme online pharmacy levitra cialis ftbl 5mg 250 mg wellbutrin sr buy viagra separately cialis 20 mg effect prednisone 300 mg phenergan 50 mg suppository kamagra wholesalers online cheap strong viagra review nexium 40 mg cialis de 50 mg prix nexium 20mg buy viagra nl lexapro generic 40 mg generic lexapro cheap cialis online ordering periactin 4mg maroc levitra 10 mg pret canadian cialis generic viagra generic safety online cialis cheap lisinopril 10 mg history doxycycline 100 mg sinus medikamente levitra 20mg zithromax 500mg bula alli orlistat 200mg cialis 5 mg bestellen cheap cheap cialis zithromax 2mg cheap 100mg cialis zoloft withdrawal 200 mg buy prescribed cialis nexium 40 mg dosaggio zoloft 100 mg pill buy zithromax wholesale cialis 20 mg prezzo metformin 1500 mg viagra 200 mg. order cialis prescription cheap 25 mg viagra buy cipro drops lexapro generic release doxycycline 50 mg price cheap propecia prescriptions clomid 100mg tablets order cialis super lexapro 10mg receita bactrim dose mg cipro vs generic 40mg cialis online genuine 100 mg viagra free cheap viagra zovirax 400 mg tabletten prednisone 10 mg acne 60 mg nolvadex ingredients generic cialis prednisone at 20 mg zoloft online cheap 200 mg lexapro overdose fda cialis online kamagra 100mg tabs erythromycin ethylsuccinate 125mg zovirax oral generic kamagra 100mg.be levitra 20 mg comentarios generic viagra 150 mg. lisinopril 10 mg throat worlds cheapest cialis nolvadex 20 mg contraindicaciones zoloft anxiety 25mg buy 200 mg viagra cialis 5 or 10 mg cvs lexapro 30 mg buy zithromax walgreens prednisone 2.5 mg dose doxycycline hyclate cheap buy levitra wiki augmentin 1000 mg alkol propranolol 10 mg dosage viagra 25 mg cost cytotec online usa cialis venta online cialis 30 mg taking 100 mg lisinopril money order cialis lexapro went generic cialis e20 mg viagra 100mg preis buy zovirax rx took 40mg cialis online drugs cialis viagra usa online cheap uk cialis buy nexium ireland viagra 100 mg costo kamagra cheapest buy glucophage usa lexapro generic efficacy order cialis international prednisone 50 mg reviews zoloft 150 mg dose wellbutrin sr 200mg zithromax online pharmacy generic cialis 20 online cheapest levitra online zoloft 500mg glucophage metformina 850 mg cheap viagra herbal cialis tablet 5mg doxycycline 200 mg dosage order daily cialis cialis 2.5mg pakistan propecia online 5 mg purchase metformin online kamagra 100mg cheap cialis 200mg red acheter viagra 25 mg bad generic wellbutrin nexium generic available cheap propecia 5 mg doxycycline cheapest levitra 180 pills online metformin 250 mg bid 40 mg cialis generic viagra 0.25 mg cheap cialis viagra ordering viagra 25mg avis cialis 20mg xenical 120mg cz buy levitra 5 mg diflucan 50 mg pfizer generic cialis definition nexium generic release zithromax injection 500mg amoxil 250 mg 5ml remedio xenical generico lexapro 10 mg engorda generic viagra manila order Cialis 60 pills asda viagra 100mg wellbutrin 300 mg anxiety 25 mg viagra review buy phenergan infant viagra 50 mg rezeptfrei mexico cialis 2.5 mg zovirax ointment order order doxycycline 500 mg cheap propecia online lisinopril hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg echtes viagra online cialis buy hungary generic pill viagra informacion cialis 20 mg effet zoloft 50 mg lexapro mg available levitra 10 mg funciona lexapro generic exclusivity order viagra condoms generico di levitra buy strattera online 44 lisinopril online kaufen metformin 1000 mg online tablette nexium 40 mg doxycycline 80mg celebrex 200mg srbija buy lasix info acheter cialis 20mg clomid 100mg iui cialis nz cheapest clomid online bodybuilding levitra 20 mg kaufen buy strattera 18mg can buy amoxil lexapro reviews 5 mg viagra 10mg online valtrex online order zithromax online cheap buy viagra pifzer cialis 10mg gta 4 lexapro ejaculation disorder diflucan 200 mg fluconazole thuoc celebrex 100mg generico cialis comprar wellbutrin 750 mg celebrex 100 mg wikipedia cheap cialis perth zoloft 500mg sertralina buying viagra prescription viagra 150mg online xenical information online buy lexapro germany buy cialis england zoloft 50 mg effects cheapest prednisone online cialis 20mg nr 4 diflucan 150 mg pillola lisinopril al 20mg 400 mg viagra dose overdose nexium 40 mg 100 mg levitra viagra 50 mg enough buy viagra nicosia online viagra mastercard generic cialis switzerland lisinopril 400mg erythromycin 333 mg dosage 30 mg dose levitra 150mg viagra cialis 5mg preco buy viagra 100 mg lexapro versus generic lisinopril 40 mg buy priligy acquisto online medicina levitra 20 mg cialis generico 40gr priligy cheap uk canada viagra 50mg buy paypal cialis reichen 25 mg viagra hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg wikipedia metformin dosage 250mg generic levitra test generic cialis problems cialis 20mg cheapest price metformin 500 mg buy lasix usa posologia cialis 5mg buy viagra dc metformin sleep disorders viagra online ordering viagra generico bonifico
Home

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 1029 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 12
PoorBest 
The Biz of Baseball - Interviews
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 18 July 2004 12:00

Marvin MillerStarting in 1965 with his election to the MLB Players Association, Marvin Miller changed the face of MLB forever by turning a loosely knit players association into one of, if not the, strongest Unions in the Nation.

In this interview, Miller talks of issues such as privacy rights and the BALCO case, the player pension plan, the 2002 CBA, and much more.


When the book on SABR is written, it will never be said that its member base doesn’t have its priorities straight. I say this since the topic: “Who would be on baseball’s Mt. Rushmore?” made the rounds via email this year within my regional chapter. George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Nah, let’s get serious and talk baseball.

It made for light and interesting discussions. Rickey was mentioned by most. Hulbert by some. Landis, by others. But, Marvin Miller was on every list. There was no question about his place in history.

A few days later, I was looking into the Introduction of Miller’s book, “A Whole Different Ballgame” which Bill James had penned. It seems that we were not alone in this assessment:

“If ever baseball buys itself a mountain and starts carving faces in it, one of the first men to go up is sure to be Marvin Miller.”

So there it is.

Marvin Miller may be the biggest lightning rod the game has ever seen. The creation of the Players Union initiated something of a war with MLB that borders on Jihad. MLB management loathes him. To the rank-and-file players at the time, he must have been seen as something just short of God.

At the time of his arrival, and the eventual breaking of the Reserve Clause, he was viewed by many as a harbinger of the “end of baseball as we knew it.” Surely, the maverick Players Union would destroy Major League Baseball. He elevated the pay of players, created the free agency system in place today, and helped provide benefits, such as a solid pension plan, that allows players to do more than simply survive after retirement. The changes, however, altered the public perception. Players no longer were part of a city – part of the family or “one of the guys.” Now, the players were “out of touch with the common man” and “looking out to make a buck.”

Instead of baseball’s demise, baseball grew exponentially, and both sides amassed untold wealth. Distrust flourished. The Players Union, in concert with management, set into motion repeated strikes and lockouts. Fans venomously cursed both sides. “The million dollar players should be happy to be involved in a game children play. And, the multi-million dollar owners should quit crying poverty and be happy they’re as rich as they are,” were constant themes.

For better or worse, baseball has been forever changed since the MLBPA was recognized in 1966. There is no turning back, although I think the owners would like nothing better.

In framing this interview, I knew that a man with the impact of Miller had already been questioned in great detail. So, this interview focuses more on the present than the past. He is still a man of great conviction. The printed word here will fail to convey the nuances and inflections when the topics of Constitutional rights and the BALCO Trail were raised. Or, how he slowly and purposefully reminded me that the Press never has fully understood what the Union can, and cannot, do for the former players not covered by the pension plan.

What’s ironic is that the chance for Miller to be immortalized in stone is probably better than his induction into the Hall of Fame. But all that aside, never let it be said that he isn’t one of, if not the, greatest men that has impacted professional baseball. - Maury Brown


BizBall: When you were elected head of the MLBPA in 1966, the players were portrayed by some as being nothing more than indentured servants of management. You organized and galvanized the loose knit players’ association into the force that it is today. It seems since that time that the pendulum has been moving in the Union’s favor since. Is that still the case, or was the outcome of the 2002 CBA a step back for the MLBPA?

Miller: It is difficult to have a valid opinion when you are not part of the negotiations. You are forced to make a judgment from the outside just looking at the contract itself and the various positions. What you don’t know is--what I don’t know at least is what were the factors that deem themselves important to consider in taking was now perceived to be taking backward steps.

I am not ducking the question, but I really don’t know the answer to it. Let me explain by first saying, looking at the contract itself I would have to conclude along with others that those were backward steps. But then I force myself to look at a little below the picture, and one that is kind of startling when you think about it, that is that I think the present leadership of the players’ Union has had to contend with something that I never did, and that is they have had to contend with a membership consisting of not one single player who ever had any baseball life prior to the Union. Not one player is able to fully evaluate what the Union has meant to players as a group, and that is a very tough problem to contend with. I think it has to temper any judgment about steps backward.


BizBall: Do you feel that the public’s appetite for MLB would have been severely diminished if a lockout or strike would have occurred in 2002?

Miller: I think temporarily, but I am not one of those who ever believed the propaganda of labor disputes would be the cause of a permanent loss of fans. It never has been and I doubt it ever will.

BizBall: Is the public’s concern something that comes to the negotiating table, or is the overriding concern of a representative of his or her labor Union to get as much for their respective constituency as possible?

Miller: I think you have to bring it down to the cases. For example, in all of those years when I was with the Steel Workers Union, there probably was not a single dispute that wasn’t settled in the White House, and the reason, of course, was that a nationwide steel dispute heavily impinged on the nation’s economy.

When steel went down in those days, pretty soon so did automobiles and so did residence and building construction and onward, and you were dealing with widespread increasing unemployment. So, it was both a public issue and a government issue. In that kind of situation, public opinion is
MLBPAextremely important because sooner or later, after it ends up or gets to the White House, pretty soon the Congress is there, and that becomes a serious matter.

I have never had that kind of a feeling in baseball even though, if you were to judge by the amount of ink that the media spent on it, you would assume it was a matter of great public concern. But, when you examined it, it really wasn’t. My concern in those days was not the public relations aspect in the same sense that a steel public relations reaction in steel was. My concern in those days was that if this gets loud enough, the players will be affected and that’s all. Because I never considered it rising to the level of a national emergency dispute like the mega-steel dispute and nor would I consider that the so called public relations damage would be more than fleeting and small.

BizBall: In 2002 there was considerable talk of a Worldwide Amateur draft taking place. Since that time the issue seems to have been swept under the carpet. What is your take on the concept of the worldwide draft?

Miller: You mean to remove the exemptions if there have been?

BizBall: Yes.

Miller: I don’t know. I haven’t thought about it a lot except for the extent that I have never approved of the idea of a private industry having the right to draft anybody. At no time, for no reason. To me a draft has to do with a governmental function in the time of emergency.

BizBall: Also in 2002 the main topic of conversation was the elimination of teams via contraction by the League. There is verbiage within the last CBA that opens the topic back up, at least in principle, for 2006. Was contraction a straw man in the last CBA and do you feel it will be an issue in the next CBA with the current Union?

Miller: I think first that it was a straw man. I think it was a kind of double-barreled power ploy. It was a ploy in a sense that they were trying to scare the Union that it was going to have a loss of  membership and I think it was a ploy and the usual communities who might balk at public financing of baseball stadiums.

In that sense, it was a clever ploy but not really an effective one.


BizBall: The Expos were a part of the contraction scenario in the last CBA. Since then they have become vagabonds of the League with "home" games being played in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuck in the middle have been the players. Did you feel the Players Union represented the Expos players properly on this matter?

Miller: No. I am not sure they were treated right at all.

BizBall: Did the League create this monster of a situation by expanding too fast in the early ‘90s?

Miller: I don’t know about that connection, but I do not think that you can view the expansion as being too much or too little, except in relation to the demand for them. In other words, if you look at the economics of it, with each expansion they raised the entry level price and yet had eager buyers literally standing in line, holding their hats in hand, hoping their bids for a new franchise would be rewarded.

Given that kind of economics and given the fact that the demand was always there and at an increasing price, it’s hard to say if expansion was too rapid – too rapid for what? How do you measure these things except the fact that when they offer the opportunity for expansion, eager applicants came forward, even with tremendously rising price of buying a new franchise?


BizBall: Do you think that it’s possible that expansion was done simply to offset the damages incurred when it was ruled that there was collusion within the League to keep player salaries down? Over the past few seasons, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate in which player salaries have risen. Collusion is being discussed by the MLBPA, and to that end, the Union has requested that Agents keep notes on contract negotiations. Management points to the overall national economy, which has been in decline, as the driving factor. What are your views on the matter?

Miller: I think management’s argument that the general economy ought to be looked at as a factor is probably very weak when you consider past recessions and the rise of baseball salaries. The salaries continue to rise--no matter what the factor of the national economy was--for the simple reason that they had been underpriced for so long that a lot of steam had built up and salaries have kept going no mater what the general economy was. And I would expect that, over time, there might be some leveling off, but without being able to demonstrate it if you want my feeling, my feeling is that collusion was playing a part in the last year or two.

BizBall: On the issue of steroids, and more specifically the BALCO case. Recently there was news that the names of some of the players associated with testing samples were seized by the IRS as part of the Grand Jury investigation. Do you feel that steroid testing, as a whole, is an encroachment of privacy rights for the players?

Miller: Well, I do, but I think the more serious issue really is the attempt by the government through the Justice Department through pressure from the President through continuing pressure by Senator McCain; I think this gets beyond the privacy question. This gets to be one which, when you put it together with the fact that the records that they were trying to seize were testing  records made by the parties who had agreed that it would be a confidential, anonymous test as a first step in developing a testing program. I think the government’s attempt to infringe on that is outrageous. I think what you are dealing with, once the government steps in with that, what you’re dealing with is a violation of the constitutional rights of people. By that I mean it’s one thing if an employer makes it a labor-management issue. It’s quite another when the government says, "I now will subpoena records of confidential tests and I will use the material," which, after all is tantamount to saying, "I will require self-incrimination and I may send some of you to jail." I think the sports media, like so much of the other media, is just asleep on this issue.

BizBall: Do you have any regrets over the years that the vested parties of the MLBPA pension plan did not include more of the population of former ballplayers; i.e. Pete Coscarart et al?

Miller: Well, again the media is terribly at fault in this. The fact is that the player’s Union all through the years, starting with when it became a legitimate Union in 1966, in every single pension negotiation has dealt with former players already retired in a far more generous manner than any other employees in the United States. That is, in negotiation after negotiation, the player’s Union treated former players, who as long as they had even one day of service ten years before those negotiations--then later one day of service in any of the 15 years prior to those negotiations--it treated such employees as if they were still active. No other pension plan in the United States has ever done that, ever!

Now when you get to
, that’s different. That’s the group of players who never were part of the benefit plan. They were not members. And, they were not members, many of them,Pete Coscarart because the players of that period when the pension plan first went into existence in 1947, perhaps because they were dealing with an inadequate amount of money to make a decent pension plan, agreed to the owners’ proposal that anybody who was not on a major league roster on the last day of the 1946 season or the first day of the 1947 season, no matter how many years of major league service he had, would not be a member of the plan.

Now think about it. That meant that somebody with say ten or twenty years of service who had been released before the last day of the 1946 season was treated as if he had never been in the major leagues. This was done by the players before there was any organization. This was done by their fellow players. Now, I’m not saying that because that happened nothing should be done--far from it. I am saying that the people who have written about this are mighty careless in blaming the Union, which didn’t even exist then. But more than that, they don’t seem to understand two things. Number one is that players well, what the most important point is that the Union under law, is not the representative of a former employee. I don’t know if you know that. Two Supreme Court decisions state that an employer is not even required to negotiate with the Union with regard to a former employee. That’s true whether it is baseball or steel or anything. A former employee is not a member of the bargaining unit so an employer is free to say, "Not only won’t I do anything I won’t even talk to you about it." And if the Union were to strike on that issue the Union would be liable for all damages occurring to the employee’s business. That’s the first thing.

The second thing is, the writers who write about this, who are careless about this in my opinion, is that it’s not even clear that a Union would have the legal right to now negotiate inclusion into a pension plan of people who it didn’t represent, and who had never been covered; because the assets in that plan belong to the members of the plan under law. They do not belong to people who were never members of the plan and you have a very serious question of law involved. I don’t know the answer to it, but it is no simple matter.

But, I come back to my original point. This notion that people who were never members of the plan that the Union becomes the one obliged to do something, or the players -- the current players -- that just doesn’t hold water. The employer, if anybody, is responsible for the pensionless status of its former employees not the current employees. The employer is responsible.

I once asked a writer of the New York Times who was writing a lot of blather about this, whether he thought that he and his fellow Times’ reporters were liable for the pensionless status of former writers of the Times at a time when there was no pension plan.

BizBall: What was his reaction?

Miller: He said, "Well, no." (laughs) So why are the present players obligated?

BizBall: As a former Union head, what was your take on the MLUA and Ritchie Phillips’ ill-fated strategy of having the Umpires resign en masse?

Miller: (Laughing) I think the foolishness of it has been demonstrated.

BizBall: Are you surprised it took as long as it did for teams to resort to the strategy of non-tendering large numbers of players who wouldn't otherwise be eligible for free agency?

Miller: I’m more surprised that the Union has not stepped in to prevent it.

BizBall: From an MLBPA perspective, would it be good to have big-market teams fund incentives for small-market teams to field more competitive teams, as opposed to current revenue sharing which arguably doesn’t encourage small-market teams?

Miller: It’s hard to say. Revenue sharing may well have a part to play in terms of competitive balance. I’m not convinced that it does; other people disagree. I think, for example, even prior to  this agreement, involving both revenue sharing and so called luxury tax, I think the competitive balance among all the teams in baseball is probably better than it was when I was a young fan. When I was a young fan, I think it’s eminently provable that there’s far more balance now than when the Yankees would win fourteen pennants in sixteen years and when taken together, the Yankees and the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants would win everything almost every year. So, I’m not sure revenue sharing is a constructive thing at all.

BizBall: There has been considerable concern in Wisconsin about how Miller Park was funded, with a considerable portion of that coming from the public. Milwaukee has since then set team payrolls so low it has created poor-quality product on the field. A salary floor might possibly prevent some of these problems. Is a topic of a salary floor a step toward creation of a salary cap?

Miller: Not necessarily. I mean, there’s always been a salary floor ever since the Union negotiated minimum salaries. I don’t think that having a floor necessarily means you have to have a cap. We have a minimum wage in this country, but we don’t have a maximum wage.

BizBall: How do you view your role in the history of the game? Given the history between management and the MLBPA do you think you’ll get the votes to be in the Baseball Hall of Fame?

Miller: (chuckles) No. I think the votes were never there. I found it interesting. But [it was] kind of uninformed when so many people said just because they changed the method of voting for non-players from the old veterans committee to all of the living members of the Hall of Fame that that necessarily meant I would be eligible. (chuckles) I never agreed with that. I think it left out an awful lot of factors.

One of the reasons I didn’t agree with all of this, is that I think anybody who has ever been a Union leader has to have gained some skill at being able to predict votes in advance. I think that what’s disastrous for a labor leader is to not have that skill.

For example, to call for a strike vote and have the membership turn it down. That’s the end of credibility. Or for a Union leader to go into difficult negotiations, reach a settlement, and then submit it to the membership for ratification and have it rejected. That’s almost the end of the Union.

So, you really have to learn how to forecast votes in advance, and one of the things you do is look at the facts.

Fact number one is that an awful lot of players in the Hall of Fame are pre-Union. They never had anything to do with the Union back in that terrible period.

Number two, is that many of those players and many of the players who were playing in the period in which in which I was involved, after they were through playing, became employed by management. A whole different mindset is set up.

Just for example Monte Irvin in the Hall of Fame is a very nice guy, but the last fifteen years in this working life he worked for Bowie Kuhn. You wouldn’t vote for me would you? And it’s not just Monte Irvin. There are people on the Cubs and people on the Red Sox and Hall of Fame who have worked for management and are working for management. There’s this fine great ball player in the Hall of Fame, who’s vice president of a major league team and so on.

And then there are members of the press who vote who are the newspaper reporters wing of the Hall of Fame. While some of those might vote for me many would not. There were a lot of them who were, if not in the owners’ pockets, at least on their laps. There are the radio and TV announcers who interestingly enough in almost every case cannot be announcers in radio and TV unless the clubs that they are telecasting or broadcasting agree. They hold the veto power over them.

And then finally, if all else fails, to make anybody understand how the votes go, if you have to get 75% of the vote and you do what the Hall of Fame people did two years ago or a year ago, put fifteen people on the ballot. You are making it almost statistically improbable that anyone is going to get 75% of the vote and in fact, no one did.

In the history of the United States, this is just to give you a contrast, while occasionally there are three candidates or four candidates, in most cases there are two. And with only two candidates on the ballot, except for George Washington in his first term, who ran unopposed, with only two people on the ballot--in all the rest of the elections no presidential candidate ever got anywhere near 75% of the vote.

BizBall: Do you feel that there will ever be a truly independent commissioner like we saw in Kenesaw Landis?

Miller: I don’t think there’s ever been an independent commissioner, including Landis. If you think about it at all, it was never meant to be that way. Landis had some assets that enabled him to  appear to be independent. That is, there was a fear asset. Baseball was truly shaken by the Black Sox scandal. And they felt grateful to be able to get a federal judge to come off the bench and become commissioner. And what they never wanted to have happen was to have a former federal judge like Landis resign and blast them for something and so that gave him a certain power. But he was never truly independent. Nor can any commissioner be independent when he doesn’t have a dime in the game. Things don’t work that way. If the owners of the game who own franchises disapprove of a commissioner it’s the simplest thing in the world to get rid of him, contract or no contract, it’s simply about paying off the contract, and every commissioner knows that. The result is that every commissioner except Landis, who died in office and Bart Giamatti who died in office after a short term, every commissioner sooner or later is fired. It’s not always reported that way. Sometimes it’s reported as a failure to renew his contract. Sometimes it’s reported as a suggestion that he take a pension and retire. Sometimes it’s more frank than that; he’s fired. But looked at realistically, except for the two who have died in office, everyone has been fired except the present one and eventually he will be too.

BizBall: What do you feel Bud Selig’s legacy will be?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know it’s hard to know what Selig’s legacy will be. You know I am absolutely amused at the way media treats people when they’re gone. You know. I think the Reagan fiasco is a case in point. How they will treat Selig after he’s gone, I don’t know. I am concerned that he has just been oblivious to the danger and the damage done by ignoring the conflict of interest that’s involved. I think that is a permanent damage. How historians will treat that, I do not know.

BizBall: What about your legacy? Have you had time to reflect on that? Is that something you care to look upon or comment about?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know every once in awhile you are forced to when you get to be my age. I’m referring to the fact that former commissioner Fay Vincent is involved in a project now, in connection with the Hall of Fame, in which he is interviewing various living people, obviously, who have had a part in baseball history. They are doing this project on film for the benefit of future generations of fans and scholars. As Fay said, when you do a project of this type, you interview the older members first, (laughs) to make sure they are still around. Certainly, you are forced to think about this, but in terms of things I would hope for, is that I would be remembered in terms of having playing a major part in building the first legitimate and still remaining the only legitimate trade Union in the team sports movement. A Union that has demonstrated to be one of great solidarity and integrity and unity and accomplishment. And that’s good enough.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 7/13/04. Edited by Jeff Sackmann.

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?