Home BoB Documents Flood v. Kuhn

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 816 guests online

Atom RSS

Flood v. Kuhn PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 66
PoorBest 
Selection of Docs
Written by Court Ruling   
Sunday, 18 June 1972 12:00

407 U.S. 258

FLOOD v. KUHN ET AL.
CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT

No. 71-32.

Argued March 20, 1972
Decided June 19, 1972

Petitioner, a professional baseball player "traded" to another club without his previous knowledge or consent, brought this antitrust suit after being refused the right to make his own contract with another major league team, which is not permitted under the reserve system. The District Court rendered judgment in favor of respondents, and the Court of Appeals affirmed. Held: The longstanding exemption of professional baseball from the antitrust laws, Federal Baseball Club v. National League, 259 U.S. 200 (1922); Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc., 346 U.S. 356 (1953), is an established aberration, in the light of the Court's holding that other interstate professional sports are not similarly exempt, but one in which Congress has acquiesced, and that is entitled to the benefit of stare decisis. Removal of the resultant inconsistency at this late date is a matter for legislative, not judicial, resolution. Pp. 269-285.

It is a century and a quarter since the New York Nine defeated the Knickerbockers 23 to 1 on Hoboken's [407 U.S. 258, 261] Elysian Fields June 19, 1846, with Alexander Jay Cartwright as the instigator and the umpire. The teams were amateur, but the contest marked a significant date in baseball's beginnings. That early game led ultimately to the development of professional baseball and its tightly organized structure.

And one recalls the appropriate reference to the "World Serious," attributed to Ring Lardner, Sr.; Ernest L. Thayer's "Casey at the Bat"; 4 the ring of "Tinker to [407 U.S. 258, 264] Evers to Chance"; 5 and all the other happenings, habits, and superstitions about and around baseball that made it the "national pastime" or, depending upon the point of view, "the great American tragedy." 6

The petitioner, Curtis Charles Flood, born in 1938, began his major league career in 1956 when he signed a contract with the Cincinnati Reds for a salary of $4,000 for the season. He had no attorney or agent to advise him on that occasion. He was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals before the 1958 season. Flood rose to fame as a center fielder with the Cardinals during the years 1958-1969. In those 12 seasons he compiled a batting average of .293. His best offensive season was 1967 when he achieved .335. He was .301 or better in six of the 12 St. Louis years. He participated in the 1964, 1967, and 1968 World Series. He played error less ball in the field in 1966, and once enjoyed 223 consecutive errorless games. Flood has received seven Golden Glove Awards. He was co-captain of his team from 1965-1969. He ranks among the 10 major league outfielders possessing the highest lifetime fielding averages. [407 U.S. 258, 265]

Flood declined to play for Philadelphia in 1970, despite a $100,000 salary offer, and he sat out the year. After the season was concluded, Philadelphia sold its rights to Flood to the Washington Senators. Washington and the petitioner were able to come to terms for 1971 at a salary of $110,000. 8 Flood started the season but, apparently because he was dissatisfied with his performance, he left the Washington club on April 27, early in the campaign. He has not played baseball since then.

On appeal, the Second Circuit felt "compelled to affirm." 443 F.2d 264, 265 (1971). It regarded the issue of state law as one of first impression, but concluded that the Commerce Clause precluded its application. Judge Moore added a concurring opinion in which he predicted, with respect to the suggested overruling of Federal Baseball and Toolson, that "there is no likelihood that such an event will occur." 9 443 F.2d, at 268, 272. [407 U.S. 258, 269]

A. Federal Baseball Club v. National League, 259 U.S. 200 (1922), was a suit for treble damages instituted by a member of the Federal League (Baltimore) against the National and American Leagues and others. The plaintiff obtained a verdict in the trial court, but the Court of Appeals reversed. The main brief filed by the plaintiff with this Court discloses that it was strenuously argued, among other things, that the business in which the defendants were engaged was interstate commerce; that the interstate relationship among the several clubs, located as they were in different States, was predominant; that organized baseball represented an investment of colossal wealth; that it was an engagement in moneymaking; that gate receipts were divided by agreement between the home club and the visiting club; and that the business of baseball was to be distinguished from the mere playing of the game as a sport for physical exercise and diversion. See also 259 U.S., at 201 -206.

"The business is giving exhibitions of base ball, which are purely state affairs. . . . But the fact that in order to give the exhibitions the Leagues must induce free persons to cross state lines and [407 U.S. 258, 270] must arrange and pay for their doing so is not enough to change the character of the business. . . . [T]he transport is a mere incident, not the essential thing. That to which it is incident, the exhibition, although made for money would not be called trade or commerce in the commonly accepted use of those words. As it is put by the defendants, personal effort, not related to production, is not a subject of commerce. That which in its consummation is not commerce does not become commerce among the States because the transportation that we have mentioned takes place. To repeat the illustrations given by the Court below, a firm of lawyers sending out a member to argue a case, or the Chautauqua lecture bureau sending out lecturers, does not engage in such commerce because the lawyer or lecturer goes to another State.

"If we are right the plaintiff's business is to be described in the same way and the restrictions by contract that prevented the plaintiff from getting players to break their bargains and the other conduct charged against the defendants were not an interference with commerce among the States." 259 U.S., at 208 -209. 10 [407 U.S. 258, 271]

B. Federal Baseball was cited a year later, and without disfavor, in another opinion by Mr. Justice Holmes for a unanimous Court. The complaint charged antitrust violations with respect to vaudeville bookings. It was held, however, that the claim was not frivolous and that the bill should not have been dismissed. Hart v. B. F. Keith Vaudeville Exchange, 262 U.S. 271 (1923). 11

In the years that followed, baseball continued to be subject to intermittent antitrust attack. The courts, however, rejected these challenges on the authority of Federal Baseball. In some cases stress was laid, although unsuccessfully, on new factors such as the development of radio and television with their substantial additional revenues to baseball. 12 For the most part, however, the Holmes opinion was generally and necessarily accepted as controlling authority. 13 And in the 1952 Report of the Subcommittee on Study of Monopoly Power of the House Committee on the Judiciary, H. R. Rep. No. 2002, 82d Cong., 2d Sess., 229, it was said, in conclusion:

"On the other hand the overwhelming preponderance of the evidence established baseball's need for some sort of reserve clause. Baseball's history shows that chaotic conditions prevailed when there was no reserve clause. Experience points to no feasible substitute to protect the integrity of the game or to guarantee a comparatively even competitive [407 U.S. 258, 273] struggle. The evidence adduced at the hearings would clearly not justify the enactment of legislation flatly condemning the reserve clause."

C. The Court granted certiorari, 345 U.S. 963 (1953), in the Toolson, Kowalski, and Corbett cases, cited in nn. 12 and 13, supra, and, by a short per curiam (Warren, C. J., and Black, Frankfurter, DOUGLAS, Jackson, Clark, and Minton, JJ.), affirmed the judgments of the respective courts of appeals in those three cases. Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc., 346 U.S. 356 (1953). Federal Baseball was cited as holding "that the business of providing public baseball games for profit between clubs of professional baseball players was not within the scope of the federal antitrust laws," 346 U.S., at 357 , and:

". . . If the Toolson holding is to be expanded - or contracted - the appropriate remedy lies with Congress." 348 U.S., at 228 -230.

E. United States v. International Boxing Club, 348 U.S. 236 (1955), was a companion to Shubert and was decided the same day. This was a civil antitrust action against defendants engaged in the business of promoting professional championship boxing contests. Here again the District Court had dismissed the complaint in reliance upon Federal Baseball and Toolson. The Chief Justice observed that "if it were not for Federal Baseball and Toolson, we think that it would be too clear for dispute that the Government's allegations bring the defendants within the scope of the Act." 348 U.S., at 240 -241. He pointed out that the defendants relied on the two baseball cases but also would have been content with a more restrictive interpretation of them than the Shubert defendants, for the boxing defendants argued that the cases immunized only businesses that involve exhibitions of an athletic nature. The Court accepted neither argument. It again noted, 348 U.S., at 242 , that "Toolson neither overruled Federal Baseball nor necessarily reaffirmed all that was said in Federal Baseball." It stated:

"The controlling consideration in Federal Baseball and Hart was, instead, a very practical one - the degree of interstate activity involved in the particular business under review. It follows that stare decisis cannot help the defendants here; for, contrary to their argument, Federal Baseball did not hold that all businesses based on professional sports were outside the scope of the antitrust laws. The issue confronting us is, therefore, not whether a previously granted exemption should continue, [407 U.S. 258, 277] but whether an exemption should be granted in the first instance. And that issue is for Congress to resolve, not this Court." 348 U.S., at 243 .

The Court noted the presence then in Congress of various bills forbidding the application of the antitrust laws to "organized professional sports enterprises"; the holding of extensive hearings on some of these; subcommittee opposition; a postponement recommendation as to baseball; and the fact that "Congress thus left intact the then-existing coverage of the antitrust laws." 348 U.S., at 243 -244.

Mr. Justice Frankfurter, joined by Mr. Justice Minton, dissented. "It would baffle the subtlest ingenuity," he said, "to find a single differentiating factor between other sporting exhibitions . . . and baseball insofar as the conduct of the sport is relevant to the criteria or considerations by which the Sherman Law becomes applicable to a `trade or commerce.'" 348 U.S., at 248 . He went on:

This Court reversed with an opinion by Mr. Justice Clark. He said that the Court made its ruling in Toolson "because it was concluded that more harm would be done in overruling Federal Baseball than in upholding a ruling which at best was of dubious validity." 352 U.S., at 450 . He noted that Congress had not acted. He then said:

"All this, combined with the flood of litigation that would follow its repudiation, the harassment that would ensue, and the retroactive effect of such a decision, led the Court to the practical result that [407 U.S. 258, 279] it should sustain the unequivocal line of authority reaching over many years.

Mr. Justice Frankfurter dissented essentially for the reasons stated in his dissent in International Boxing, [407 U.S. 258, 280] 352 U.S., at 455 . Mr. Justice Harlan, joined by MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN, also dissented because he, too, was "unable to distinguish football from baseball." 352 U.S., at 456 . Here again the dissenting Justices did not call for the overruling of the baseball decisions. They merely could not distinguish the two sports and, out of respect for stare decisis, voted to affirm.

G. Finally, in Haywood v. National Basketball Assn., 401 U.S. 1204 (1971), MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS, in his capacity as Circuit Justice, reinstated a District Court's injunction pendente lite in favor of a professional basketball player and said, "Basketball . . . does not enjoy exemption from the antitrust laws." 401 U.S., at 1205 . 15

I. Legislative proposals have been numerous and persistent. Since Toolson more than 50 bills have been introduced in Congress relative to the applicability or nonapplicability of the antitrust laws to baseball. 17 A few of these passed one house or the other. Those that did would have expanded, not restricted, the reserve system's exemption to other professional league sports. And the Act of Sept. 30, 1961, Pub. L. 87-331, 75 Stat. 732, and the merger addition thereto effected by the Act of Nov. 8, 1966. Pub. L. 89-800, 6 (b), [407 U.S. 258, 282] 80 Stat. 1515, 15 U.S.C. 1291-1295, were also expansive rather than restrictive as to antitrust exemption. 18

4. Other professional sports operating interstate - football, [407 U.S. 258, 283] boxing, basketball, and, presumably, hockey 19 and golf 20 - are not so exempt.

This emphasis and this concern are still with us. We continue to be loath, 50 years after Federal Baseball and almost two decades after Toolson, to overturn those cases judicially when Congress, by its positive inaction, [407 U.S. 258, 284] has allowed those decisions to stand for so long and, far beyond mere inference and implication, has clearly evinced a desire not to disapprove them legislatively.

The conclusion we have reached makes it unnecessary for us to consider the respondents' additional argument that the reserve system is a mandatory subject of collective bargaining and that federal labor policy therefore exempts the reserve system from the operation of federal antitrust laws. 22

"Without re-examination of the underlying issues, the [judgment] below [is] affirmed on the authority of Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, supra, so far as that decision determines that Congress had no intention of including the business of baseball within the scope of the federal antitrust laws." 346 U.S., at 357 .

[ Footnote 2 ] See generally The Baseball Encyclopedia (1969); L. Ritter, The Glory of Their Times (1966); 1 & 2 H. Seymour, Baseball (1960, 1971); 1 & 2 D. Voigt, American Baseball (1966, 1970).

[ Footnote 3 ] These are names only from earlier years. By mentioning some, one risks unintended omission of others equally celebrated.

[ Footnote 4 ] Millions have known and enjoyed baseball. One writer knowledgeable in the field of sports almost assumed that everyone did until, one day, he discovered otherwise:

[ Footnote 7 ] Concededly supported by the Major League Baseball Players Association, the players' collective-bargaining representative. Tr. of Oral Arg. 12.

[ Footnote 8 ] The parties agreed that Flood's participating in baseball in 1971 would be without prejudice to his case.

[ Footnote 9 ] "And properly so. Baseball's welfare and future should not be for politically insulated interpreters of technical antitrust statutes but rather should be for the voters through their elected representatives. If baseball is to be damaged by statutory regulation, let the congressman face his constituents the next November and also face the consequences of his baseball voting record." 443 F.2d, at 272.

Cf. Judge Friendly's comments in Salerno v. American League, 429 F.2d 1003, 1005 (CA2 1970), cert. denied, sub nom. Salerno v. Kuhn, 400 U.S. 1001 (1971):

"We freely acknowledge our belief that Federal Baseball was not one of Mr. Justice Holmes' happiest days, that the rationale of Toolson is extremely dubious and that, to use the Supreme Court's [407 U.S. 258, 269] own adjectives, the distinction between baseball and other professional sports is `unrealistic,' `inconsistent' and `illogical.'. . . While we should not fall out of our chairs with surprise at the news that Federal Baseball and Toolson had been overruled, we are not at all certain the Court is ready to give them a happy despatch."

[ Footnote 10 ] "What really saved baseball, legally at least, for the next half century was the protective canopy spread over it by the United States Supreme Court's decision in the Baltimore Federal League anti-trust suit against Organized Baseball in 1922. In it Justice Holmes, speaking for a unanimous court, ruled that the business of giving baseball exhibitions for profit was not `trade or commerce in the commonly-accepted use of those words' because `personal effort, not related to production, is not a subject of commerce'; nor was it interstate, because the movement of ball clubs across state lines was merely `incidental' to the business. It should be noted that, contrary to what many believe, Holmes did call baseball a business; time and again those who have not troubled to read the text of the decision have claimed incorrectly that the court said baseball was a sport and not a business." 2 H. Seymour, Baseball 420 (1971).

[ Footnote 11 ] On remand of the Hart case the trial court dismissed the complaint at the close of the evidence. The Second Circuit affirmed on the ground that the plaintiff's evidence failed to establish that the interstate transportation was more than incidental. 12 F.2d 341 (1926). This Court denied certiorari, 273 U.S. 703 (1926).

[ Footnote 12 ] Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc., 101 F. Supp. 93 (SD Cal. 1951), aff'd, 200 F.2d 198 (CA9 1952); Kowalski v. Chandler, 202 F.2d 413 (CA6 1953). See Salerno v. American League, 429 F.2d 1003 (CA2 1970), cert, denied, sub nom. Salerno v. Kuhn, 400 U.S. 1001 (1971). But cf. Gardella v. Chandler, 172 F.2d 402 (CA2 1949) (this case, we are advised, was subsequently settled); Martin v. National League Baseball Club, 174 F.2d 917 (CA2 1949).

[ Footnote 13 ] Corbett v. Chandler, 202 F.2d 428 (Ca6 1953); Portland Baseball Club, Inc. v. Baltimore Baseball Club, Inc., 282 F.2d 680 (CA9 1960); Niemiec v. Seattle Rainier Baseball Club, Inc., 67 F. Supp. 705 (WD Wash. 1946). See State v. Milwaukee Braves, Inc., 31 Wis. 2d 699, 144 N. W. 2d 1, cert. denied, 385 U.S. 990 (1966).

[ Footnote 14 ] The case's final chapter is International Boxing Club v. United States, 358 U.S. 242 (1959).

[ Footnote 15 ] See also Denver Rockets v. All-Pro Management, Inc., 325 F. Supp. 1049, 1060 (CD Cal. 1971); Washington Professional Basketball Corp. v. National Basketball Assn., 147 F. Supp. 154 (SDNY 1956).

[ Footnote 16 ] Neville, Baseball and the Antitrust Laws, 16 Fordham L. Rev. 208 (1947); Eckler, Baseball - Sport or Commerce?, 17 U. Chi. L. Rev. 56 (1949); Comment, Monopsony in Manpower: Organized Baseball Meets the Antitrust Laws, 62 Yale L. J. 576 (1953); P. Gregory, The Baseball Player, An Economic Study, c. 19 (1956); Note, The Super Bowl and the Sherman Act: Professional Team Sports and the Antitrust Laws, 81 Harv. L. Rev. 418 (1967); The Supreme Court, 1953 Term, 68 Harv. L. Rev. 105, 136-138 (1954); The Supreme Court, 1956 Term, 71 Harv. L. Rev. 94, 170-173 (1957); Note, 32 Va. L. Rev. 1164 (1946); Note, 24 Notre Dame Law. 372 (1949); Note, 53 Col. L. Rev. 242 (1953); Note, 22 U. Kan. City L. Rev. 173 (1954); Note, 25 Miss. L. J. 270 (1954); Note, 29 N. Y. U. L. Rev. 213 (1954); Note, 105 U. Pa. L. Rev. 110 (1956); Note, 32 Texas L. Rev. 890 (1954); Note, 35 B. U. L. Rev. 447 (1955); Note, 57 Col. L. Rev. 725 (1957); Note, 23 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 606 (1955); Note, 1 How. L. J. 281 (1955); Note, 26 Miss. L. J. 271 (1955); Note, 9 Sw. L. J. 369 (1955); Note, 29 Temple L. Q. 103 (1955); Note, 29 Tul. L. Rev. 793 (1955); Note, 62 Dick. [407 U.S. 258, 281] L. Rev. 96 (1957); Note, 11 Sw. L. J. 516 (1957); Note, 36 N.C. L. Rev. 315 (1958); Note, 35 Fordham L. Rev. 350 (1966); Note, 8 B. C. Ind. & Com. L. Rev. 341 (1967); Note, 13 Wayne L. Rev. 417 (1967); Note, 2 Rutgers-Camden L. J. 302 (1970); Note, 8 San Diego L. Rev. 92 (1970); Note, 12 B. C. Ind. & Com. L. Rev. 737 (1971); Note, 12 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 859 (1971).

[ Footnote 17 ] Hearings on H. R. 5307 et al. before the Antitrust Subcommittee of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 85th Cong., 1st Sess. (1957); Hearings on H. R. 10378 and S. 4070 before the Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 85th Cong., 2d Sess. (1958); Hearings on H. R. 2370 et al. before the Antitrust Subcommittee of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 86th Cong., 1st Sess. (1959) (not printed); Hearings on S. 616 and S. 886 before the Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 86th Cong., 1st Sess. (1959); Hearings on S. 3483 before the Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 86th Cong., 2d Sess. (1960); Hearings on S. 2391 before the Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 88th Cong., 2d Sess. (1964); S. Rep. No. 1303, 88th Cong., 2d Sess. (1964); Hearings on S. 950 before the Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 89th Cong., 1st Sess. (1965); S. Rep. No. 462, 89th Cong., 1st Sess. (1965). Bills introduced in the 92d Cong., 1st Sess., and bearing on the subject are S. 2599, S. 2616, H. R. 2305, H. R. 11033, and H. R. 10825.

[ Footnote 18 ] Title 15 U.S.C. 1294 reads:

[ Footnote 20 ] Deesen v. Professional Golfers' Assn., 358 F.2d 165 (CA9), cert. denied, 385 U.S. 846 (1966).

[ Footnote 21 ] See Brief for Respondent in Federal Baseball, No. 204, O. T. 1921, p. 67, and in Toolson, No. 18, O. T. 1953, p. 30. See also State v. Milwaukee Braves, Inc., 31 Wis. 2d 699, 144 N. W. 2d 1, cert. denied, 385 U.S. 990 (1966).

[ Footnote 22 ] See Jacobs & Winter, Antitrust Principles and Collective Bargaining by Athletes: Of Superstars in Peonage, 81 Yale L. J. 1 (1971), suggesting present-day irrelevancy of the antitrust issue.

In 1922 the Court had a narrow, parochial view of commerce. With the demise of the old landmarks of that era, particularly United States v. Knight Co., 156 U.S. 1 , Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 , and Paul v. Virginia, 8 Wall. 168, the whole concept of commerce has changed.

Under the modern decisions such as Mandeville Island Farms v. American Crystal Sugar Co., 334 U.S. 219 ; United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100 ; Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 ; United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Assn., 322 U.S. 533 , the power of Congress was recognized as broad enough to reach all phases of the vast operations of our national industrial system. [407 U.S. 258, 287] An industry so dependent on radio and television as is baseball and gleaning vast interstate revenues (see H. R. Rep. No. 2002, 82d Cong., 2d Sess., 4, 5 (1952)) would be hard put today to say with the Court in the Federal Baseball Club case that baseball was only a local exhibition, not trade or commerce.

If congressional inaction is our guide, we should rely upon the fact that Congress has refused to enact bills broadly exempting professional sports from antitrust regulation. 3 H. R. Rep. No. 2002, 82d Cong., 2d Sess. [407 U.S. 258, 288] (1952). The only statutory exemption granted by Congress to professional sports concerns broadcasting rights. 15 U.S.C. 1291-1295. I would not ascribe a broader exemption through inaction than Congress has seen fit to grant explicitly.

There can be no doubt "that were we considering the question of baseball for the first time upon a clean slate" 4 we would hold it to be subject to federal antitrust regulation. Radovich v. National Football League, 352 U.S. 445, 452 . The unbroken silence of Congress should not prevent us from correcting our own mistakes.

[ Footnote 1 ] While I joined the Court's opinion in Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc., 346 U.S. 356 , I have lived to regret it; and I would now correct what I believe to be its fundamental error.

[ Footnote 2 ] Had this same group boycott occurred in another industry, Klor's, Inc. v. Broadway-Hale Stores, Inc., 359 U.S. 207 ; United States v. Shubert, 348 U.S. 222 ; or even in another sport, Haywood v. National Basketball Assn., 401 U.S. 1204 (DOUGLAS, J., in chambers); Radovich v. National Football League, 352 U.S. 445 ; United States v. International Boxing Club, 348 U.S. 236 ; we would have no difficulty in sustaining petitioner's claim.

[ Footnote 3 ] The Court's reliance upon congressional inaction disregards the wisdom of Helvering v. Hallock, 309 U.S. 106, 119 -121, where we said:

"Nor does want of specific Congressional repudiations . . . serve as an implied instruction by Congress to us not to reconsider, in the light of new experience . . . those decisions . . . . It would require very persuasive circumstances enveloping Congressional silence to [407 U.S. 258, 288] debar this Court from re-examining its own doctrines. . . . Various considerations of parliamentary tactics and strategy might be suggested as reasons for the inaction of . . . Congress, but they would only be sufficient to indicate that we walk on quicksand when we try to find in the absence of corrective legislation a controlling legal principle."

And see United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Assn., 322 U.S. 533, 556 -561.

[ Footnote 4 ] This case gives us for the first time a full record showing the reserve clause in actual operation.

To non-athletes it might appear that petitioner was virtually enslaved by the owners of major league baseball clubs who bartered among themselves for his services. But, athletes know that it was not servitude that bound petitioner to the club owners; it was the reserve system. The essence of that system is that a player is bound to the club with which he first signs a contract for the rest of his playing days. 2 He cannot escape from the club except by retiring, and he cannot prevent the club from assigning his contract to any other club.

Petitioner brought this action in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. He alleged, among other things, that the reserve system was an unreasonable restraint of trade in violation of [407 U.S. 258, 290] federal antitrust laws. 3 The District Court thought itself bound by prior decisions of this Court and found for the respondents after a full trial. 309 F. Supp. 793 (1970). The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed. 443 F.2d 264 (1971). We granted certiorari on October 19, 1971, 404 U.S. 880 , in order to take a further look at the precedents relied upon by the lower courts.

This is a difficult case because we are torn between the principle of stare decisis and the knowledge that the decisions in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, 259 U.S. 200 (1922), and Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc., 346 U.S. 356 (1953), are totally at odds with more recent and better reasoned cases.

In Federal Baseball Club, a team in the Federal League brought an antitrust action against the National and American Leagues and others. In his opinion for a unanimous Court, Mr. Justice Holmes wrote that the business being considered was "giving exhibitions of base ball, which are purely state affairs." 259 U.S., at 208 . Hence, the Court held that baseball was not within the purview of the antitrust laws. Thirty-one years later, the Court reaffirmed this decision, without reexamining it, in Toolson, a one-paragraph per curiam opinion. Like this case, Toolson involved an attack on the reserve system. The Court said:

"The business has . . . been left for thirty years to develop, on the understanding that it was not [407 U.S. 258, 291] subject to existing antitrust legislation. The present cases ask us to overrule the prior decision and, with retrospective effect, hold the legislation applicable. We think that if there are evils in this field which now warrant application to it of the antitrust laws it should be by legislation." Id., at 357.

"Antitrust laws in general, and the Sherman Act in particular, are the Magna Carta of free enterprise. They are as important to the preservation of economic freedom and our free-enterprise system as the Bill of Rights is to the protection of our fundamental personal freedoms. . . . Implicit in such freedom is the notion that it cannot be foreclosed with respect to one sector of the economy [407 U.S. 258, 292] because certain private citizens or groups believe that such foreclosure might promote greater competition in a more important sector of the economy." United States v. Topco Associates, Inc., 405 U.S. 596, 610 (1972).

This Court has faced the interrelationship between the antitrust laws and the labor laws before. The decisions make several things clear. First, "benefits to organized labor cannot be utilized as a cat's-paw to pull employer's chestnuts out of the antitrust fires." United States v. Women's Sportswear Manufacturers Assn., 336 U.S. 460, 464 (1949). See also Allen Bradley Co. v. Local Union No. 3, 325 U.S. 797 (1945). Second, the very nature of a collective-bargaining agreement mandates that the parties be able to "restrain" trade to a greater degree than management could do unilaterally. United States v. Hutcheson, 312 U.S. 219 (1941); United Mine Workers v. Pennington, 381 U.S. 657 (1965); Amalgamated Meat Cutters v. Jewel Tea, 381 U.S. 676 (1965); cf., Teamsters Union v. Oliver, 358 U.S. 283 (1959). Finally, it is clear that some cases can be resolved only by examining the purposes and the competing interests of the labor and antitrust statutes and by striking a balance.

It is apparent that none of the prior cases is precisely in point. They involve union-management agreements that work to the detriment of management's competitors. In this case, petitioner urges that the reserve system works to the detriment of labor. [407 U.S. 258, 295]

[ Footnote 2 ] As MR. JUSTICE BLACKMUN points out, the reserve system is not novel. It has been employed since 1887. See Metropolitan Exhibition Co. v. Ewing, 42 F. 198, 202-204 (CC SDNY 1890). The club owners assert that it is necessary to preserve effective competition and to retain fan interest. The players do not agree and argue that the reserve system is overly restrictive. Before this lawsuit was instituted, the players refused to agree that the reserve system should be a part of the collective-bargaining contract. Instead, the owners and players agreed that the reserve system would temporarily remain in effect while they jointly investigated possible changes. Their activity along these lines has halted pending the outcome of this suit.

[ Footnote 3 ] Petitioner also alleged a violation of state antitrust laws, state civil rights laws, and of the common law, and claimed that he was forced into peonage and involuntary servitude in violation of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Because I believe that federal antitrust laws govern baseball, I find that state law has been pre-empted in this area. Like the lower courts, I do not believe that there has been a violation of the Thirteenth Amendment.

[ Footnote 4 ] In the past this Court has not hesitated to change its view as to what constitutes interstate commerce. Compare United States v. Knight Co., 156 U.S. 1 (1895), with Mandeville Island Farms v. American Crystal Sugar Co., 334 U.S. 219 (1948), and United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100 (1941).

[ Footnote 6 ] The lower courts did not reach the question of whether, assuming the antitrust laws apply, they have been violated. This should be considered on remand.

[ Footnote 7 ] Cf. United States v. Hutcheson, 312 U.S. 219 (1941).

[ Footnote 8 ] Jacobs & Winter, Antitrust Principles and Collective Bargaining by Athletes: Of Superstars in Peonage, 81 Yale L. J. 1, 22 (1971). [407 U.S. 258, 297]

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?
 


discount penegra uses #21005 atorvastatin at walmart #21007 prednisolone china #21008 viagra professionnel inde #21009 how can i get aricept quickly does it work #21010 viagra in germany #21012 avapro on line #21014 cheap propecia tablets #21015 non prescription finasteide #21017 how can i take cialis #21020 get bactrim ds on line #21021 cialis professional samples #21022 differin #21027 amitriptyline 50 mg cheap #21028 auvitra 20 mg #21029 predisone sales #21030 generic copegus what do #21032 cheapest alli tablets #21033 viagra 100mg 4 film tablet #21036 suhagra 100 retailers #21037 septra suspension without prescription #21040 finasteride india price #21041 skelaxin lowest price list #21042 canadian pharmacy that let you echeck #21043 where can i purchase maxalt the counter #21044 how can i get cephalexin control #21046 viagra for women in hindi #21049 buy accutane from legal chemist #21050 levitra vs cialis vs viagra reviews #21055 illegal viagra #21056 where to buy requip canada #21057 viagra perth #21061 viagra en gotas para hombres #21063 bentyl #21064 generic overseas viagra #21065 kesan pil perancang marvelon #21066 buy check soft e check #21069 ed meds online #21070 onlinepharmacy.vom #21071 comprar viagra canada #21072 sunrise tadalafil #21074 i europharmacy #21076 generic viagra pharmacy #21077 wholesale generic reglan effects #21078 low cost generic cialis #21079 viagra vs, cialis #21080 how can i get augmentin quit #21082 how can i get arava help with weight loss #21083 buy doxazosin online europe #21085 buy synthroid 200 mcg no rx #21087 slimex online cheap #21089 cheapest price on cabergoline philippines #21090 cialis viagra online from canada...... #21091 soft tabs vs hard tabs #21095 cialis canadian pharmacy online #21096 abortion pill no prescription #21099 viagra problems online #21100 order celexa online canada #21101 viagra makes you bigger #21104 euromed online #21105 nolvadex tamoximed #21106 how long does it take cialis to work #21108 buy apcalis online jelly uk #21112 cheapest brand cialis 5 mg. #21113 snorting meloxicam #21115 is metrotab an antiobotic #21116 tadalafil 10mg holland #21117 ameriatrust canadian pharmacy #21118 sxanimal #21119 testosterone test #21124 actonel online order pharmacy #21125 finasteride without rx #21128 forzest ordering online #21130 aspirin non perscription pain relievers #21131 viagra "discover card" #21134 finasteride precio #21135 launchers android #21137 order viagra for women online #21139 viagra coupon walmart #21140 valtrex coupons #21143 buy flowmax no script #21147 buy abilify #21148 stendra online #21149 online paharmacy #21150 buy cheap zaditor eye drops uk #21151 mestinon next day delivery nyc #21155 buy aldara cream india #21156 betnovate crema #21158 on line medications #21160 supersaver meds #21161 periactin non prescription #21162 vytorin lowest price yojimbo #21163 sildenafil tadalafil generic #21165 buy ocuvir cream #21166 viagra in doha #21172 generic celebrex available us #21174 orlistat diet pill dose #21175 mentat side effects #21176 mexican online pharmacies diet pills #21177 bottle promethazine canada buy #21178 motilium legal in england #21179 sildenafil citrate tablets ip #21180 saw palmetto kaufen #21183 antabuse buy online chipper #21185 how often can i take bentyl #21188 wirkung_viagra_generika #21191 cialis information viagra #21192 meridida uk #21195 lasix online no prescription needed #21196 prescription strength motrin dosage #21199 sildenafilo normon #21203 levitra erfahrung kauf online #21204 cheapest generic microzide #21205 canadian pharmacy ordering viagra #21206 zincovit side effects #21208 viagra tablet for women #21210 does daily cialis work #21214 onljne pharmacies #21215 efectin ohne recept #21216 over the counter flomax generic #21218 venlafaxine by mail #21219 cheapest price on alesse canada #21221 buy tinidazole without prescription #21222 dotur #21224 cheapest clomid in 24 hrs. online #21227 nitrofurantoin amazon #21228 betnovate n for dark spots #21230 viagra britain #21231 buy proventil #21232 anacin buy online application #21233 where can i purchase septilin dosage #21237 cialis en ligne france #21239 betanoid #21240 buy brand name levitra online #21241 prednisone online from mexico #21242 albendazole #21245 vardenafil orodispersible definition #21246 synthroid 75mcg #21247 aldactone online no presc #21248 where can i purchase nitrofurantoin online #21250 viagra in indian market #21253 acura viagra #21258 cheap tadalafi. super active plus #21259 onliepharmacy #21260 viagra fatto in casa #21262 pariet next day delivery quote #21264 where can i purchase advair vs #21265 revatio sale vintage #21268 free viagra by mail #21269 buy female viagra canada #21270 buy clonidine online no prescription #21271 no prescription viagra usa #21272 aciclovir over the counter form #21273 tenormin lowest price philippines #21274 bestbuy mexico #21275 discount albenza #21277 promethazine non perscription insulin #21280 buy periactin with visa #21283 google. viagra india #21287 generic nafil viagra online #21288 male erection pills #21289 pre order alli #21293 top canadian online pharmacies #21294 amerimedrx online pharmacy #21295 compra de sineldafil #21296 cheap tadalafil #21297 where to purchase metformin without rx #21298 generic viagra vs brand viagra reviews #21300 how much is dilantin without insurance #21301 leponex clozapine 100 mg #21302 buy cialis in usa master card #21305 viagra soft tablet #21306 viagra genericum kaufen #21307 suhagra side effects #21310 augmentin cod #21311 ed pills no prescription cheap #21312 mircette cheapest price melbourne #21313 elomet #21314 viagra for sale online #21315 online pharmacy no prescription valium #21317 cheap cialis super active #21319 drug broker kamagra prescription #21320 levitra name brand #21321 where can i buy femara uk #21323 cheap femara without prescription #21325 shuangbao acura viagra #21327 viagra 100mg pfizer #21328 healthy male com #21331 viagra ordered from united states #21332 kamagra jelly next day shipping #21334 take viagra when taking cialis #21335 comprar cialis #21336 misoprostol quanto custa #21337 no rx certified pharmacies #21338 what is the shelf life of lisinopril #21339 canadian pharmacy zoloft costco #21340 valtrex prescription online #21342 over the counter warfarin #21345 buy canada pills viagra #21346 viagra 100 mg non generic low cost #21350 lowest price cialis online #21351 india pharmacy oxycodone #21352 what is silagra 100 #21355 mens health cialis #21356 how can i afford cialis #21357 cialis on line melbourne vic fast del #21358 generic zovirax pills #21359 canadaclaims.ca loc:br #21360 no prescription nexium #21365 indinavir sale drug #21368 zithromax 250 mg uses #21369 online shoes free shipping #21371 dilantin non perscription epileptic #21373 phenergan online without prescription #21374 generic super viagra pill #21377 adalat retard #21378 lokvogel #21381 how can i get propecia uk #21383 buy tegretol no #21384 how to get viagra in germany #21386 formyco ketoconazole salep #21387 female viagra for sale online #21388 levitra sublingual #21389 tadalafil amex #21392 the face shop gold ginseng #21394 zetia online india no prescription #21399 can a wellbutrin overdose kill you #21402 augmentin 875 mg tablet online #21404 purchase viagra tablets #21406 seminar #21409 real viagra not generic #21410 sporanox #21412 does cialis work right away #21413 buy celebrex mexico #21416 frasesdefutbol #21417 can you buy zithromax in stores #21418 generic viagra on line order #21419 promethazine for sale #21420 buy micronase tablets #21421 cheap price on viramune online #21422 rosa impex pvt ltd viagra #21425 when do i drink femara 2.5 #21427 canadian drug without rx #21428 costco online shopping #21430 buy generic viagra canada #21431 cheapest rogaine foam #21432 pariet 20mg #21433 prescriptions without scripts benicar #21434 us based overnight viagra #21435 swww healthy man viagra #21438 eye drop for beautiful eye #21442 contoh obat dusting powder #21443 purchase viagra with prescription #21444 buying viagra online safe #21445 cheap ed medication #21446 finasteride bestellen #21447 can i get bentyl without a prescription #21448 mobicox #21449 craigslistglasgow #21450 buy strattera #21451 lisinopril cost without insurance #21453 cialis online mexico #21455 assunzione levitra scaduto #21459 real viagra hong kong #21460 buy cialis amazon 139 #21461 canadian health care mall reviews #21464 cheapest frumil #21466 generic viagra vs brand viagra #21467 acheter suhagra #21468 buy levothyroxine 100mcg online generic #21469 cloridrato de ciprofloxacino #21470 ert 100 blue pill #21471 levemir cost at walmart #21472 ketorolac 10mg street value #21473 authentic cialis online #21474 generic viagra vs viagra #21475 generic atrovent go #21477 cheap nizagra #21479 lopressor for sale #21480 baclofen 10 mg narcotic #21482 nexium coupons for seniors #21484 quien vende cialis en mexico #21487 lexapro package insert #21488 viagra namibia #21490 can you buy viagra in america #21492 prednisone prices canada #21494 medrol dose pack online pharmacy usa #21495 canadian pharmacy brand viagra #21497 buying viagra at chemist #21499 buy glucotrol xl no prescription #21500 cheap viagra in the philippines #21502 buy tadalis #21504 online drug stores #21508 cialis montreal #21511 reely suhagraat vedio online #21519 how can celexa help anxiety #21520 cialis jerusalem #21521 cheapest levitra professional #21522 dragon ball #21523 direct pharmacy usa cialis #21524 cialis coupon discounts #21525 levitra_purchase #21526 salvation army lexington ky #21530 vardenafil italia #21531 innopran online cheap outlet #21533 arrow lisinopril without prescription #21535 herbal oral jelly #21536 order digoxin online overnight #21540 metformin for sale nopriscrission #21542 orlistat 60 mg on line pharmacy #21543 cialis 30 day trial coupon #21551 tadalafil over nighted #21556 cialis c100 #21564 casodex lowest price uk #21568 omeprazole side effects long term use #21570 buy indocin online without prescription #21572 rhine inc. products #21574 kostenlose viagra tester #21575 argentina pharmacy on line nexium #21579 kegunaan dexamethasone phosphate #21580 trimox ordering #21583 benadryl cream buy online #21585 amazon vagra #21586 indian pharmacy accutane #21588 doxycyline no rx #21589 fluconazole over the counter walgreens #21591 generic synthroid for sale #21595 wo bekommt man viagra #21596 levitra brand pills for sale #21597 canadian pharmacy shop item #21598 nosipren prednisona 20 mg #21600 best ever price on 100 mg viagar #21604 cialis 5mg no prescription #21610 costco pharmacy price list #21611 advair coupon $50 #21612 50 mg viagra cheap canadax #21613 buy viagra in brisbane 58 #21617 were to buy viagra in alberta #21619 asthma inhaler no prescription #21620 peomethazine without prescription #21621 over the counter pills #21622 accutnae for sale #21625 japans online pharmacy #21626 fairy pharmacy #21627 super active levitra #21629 how can i get coreg treat congestive heart failure #21630 order aricept online rx #21632 orlistat capsules #21633 cialis proper dosage #21634 buy alli online usa #21636 buy zithromax online no per #21637 ajanta pharma kamagra price #21639 cheap leagal backtrim #21640 buy viagra uk #21641 why would viagra not work #21642 cialis without prescriptions #21643 1oomgfemaleandmaleviagra to buyonline #21644 buy prednisone for dogs online #21645 how to buy levitra on line #21646 nalabest enalapril 10 mg #21648 cheapest price on celexa at walmart #21649 buying cheap cialis online #21651 viagra no email #21652 how can i get casodex until #21653 kamagra price thailand #21654 generic cialis greece #21655 how to get seroquel out of your system #21656 cialis shopping #21659 big sky pharmacy canada #21660 canadian drug store is it safe #21661 buy emsam kong #21662 ic doxycycline hyclate #21664 northwest pharmacy canada #21666 drugstore paypal #21668 united pharmacy support services #21671 buy cymbalta online australia #21673 wholesale generic protonix dosage #21674 leaf shape chinese viagra pill review #21675 atlantic drug store viagra #21679 amoxicillin without script #21683 2053 med direct #21684 buy doxycycline online for humans #21685 order zovirax generic #21687 miglior prezzo cialis generico #21690 generic medicine in caverta #21691 nizoral shampoo 2 percent #21695 cheap pain pills without prescription #21696 tussionex cough syrup for sale #21697 buy tadalafil using paypal #21698 cafergot oral discontinued #21699 prednisone buy online delivery #21700 kamagra 100 mg chewable tablet 248 #21702 zoloft and weight loss #21703 priligy infarmed #21704 the canadian medstore no percription #21706 buy promethazine hydrochloride online #21708 pain pills online without pres #21709 very small pharmaceutical mail order #21710 803 best places to buy chlomid #21711 trust viagra #21718 online pharmacy maxalt india #21720 levothroid 200 cheap no rx #21722 anti depression drugs online #21723 to get nexium #21724 erythromycin gel for acne reviews #21728 can you buy viagra in the bahamas #21731 4 corners pharmacy nz #21733 "usa direct" pharmacy #21734 cheap linisopril #21735 pilex online cheap uk #21737 buy atomoxetine hydrochloride capsules #21738 how can i get buspar xr #21739 astelin buy online #21741 where to buy cialis singapore #21743 secure tab stock order cialis online #21746 how to buy viagra in houston #21748 diovan sales 2011 #21750 amsa fast orlistat como se toma #21751 voltaren tablets uk on line #21753 donde comprar viagra sin receta #21754 usa albuterol inhaler usa overnight #21755 online canadian pharmacies for trimix #21756 review best place to buy viagra online #21757 where to buy viagra in kuching 273 #21759 cheap 1 pill of cefixime 400 mg #21760 atacand plus #21763 amitriptyline over the counter #21764 generic plavix side effects #21765 alli acheter #21766 how to buy cipla online #21767 is there a generic cialis #21769 suhagra tablet #21771 generic diovan reviews #21772 best kamagra supplier #21775 tadalafil 60mg #21776 ordering domperidone from new zealand #21777 cialis online nabp #21779 international order propecia #21780 order pills from canada #21781 brand viagra 50 mg for sale #21782 nexium cost at walmart #21785 prozac without perscription #21786 best rx pill #21787 bonnispaz sale uk #21789 levitra plus online #21790 order otc lexapro #21791 how can i get epivir hbv cost #21792 cialis sample viagra #21793 top pills online #21794 secure druge shop #21795 canadian chemist online #21796 cheapest price on lariam malaria #21797 cialis sold on the street #21798 brand viagra 50 mg #21799 over the counter metformin #21801 ciprofloxacino para que es #21802 buy-cialis-in-uae #21803 restonite reviews #21805 keeflex sale #21807 cialis my canadian pharcharmy #21808 can you get promethazine over the counter #21809 where to buy cefadroxil online canada #21810 buy azithromycin online overnight #21813 pink viagra for ladies canada #21814 overseas online pharmacy #21816 official canadian pharmacy #21817 tadalafil moins cheres #21820 ivermectin humans uk #21821 buy medication from india #21822 alli orlistat philippines #21823 generic tadacip cipla #21824 viagra online chine #21825 meds online pharmacies #21829 pharmacy who accept paypal #21831 clomiphene citrate 50 mg men #21832 is real pharmacy #21833 your sky pharmacy reviews #21835 generico avec crema #21836 express shipping tinidazol #21837 motilium without a perscription #21840 ampecellin for sale #21841 no script levitra #21842 viagra no prescriptions needed #21846 viagra samples cialis #21847 mexican pharmacy vicodin #21848 order effexor uk #21849 cheap cialis fast #21850 flonase #21851 donde comprar cialis #21852 where to buy frozen acai london #21853 generic lipitor side effects #21856 how can i get zantac given #21857 proscar #21858 amule mac #21861 indiantucking #21862 meds india #21863 mail order clarithromycin 500 mg #21864 cialis alternatives over the counter #21865 discount retin a instructions #21867 accutane for sale canada #21870 tadalafil generic cialis 20 india #21872 tadalafil kaufen in deutschland #21873 viagra generic price #21875 fast shiiping on cialis #21876 where to buy valtrex reviews #21877 minoxidil 10 percent #21878 kgr 100 viagra #21879 buy viagra via paypal #21880 buy aricept drug #21881 where to buy ceftin antibiotic #21882 where to buy etodolac uses #21884 buy gabapentin #21886 noroxin non perscription diuretic #21888 generic_propecia_for_sale #21892 medco mail order prescriptions #21893 bangladeshi sex medicine name #21894 walmart tadalafil canada #21896 doxazosin without prescription canada #21897 celecoxib online #21900 stromectol 3 mg for scabies #21903 flomax prescription #21904 do generic cialis pills work? #21905 cialis for daily use cheap #21907 fucidin order #21908 cardura non perscription xanax #21909 side effects of flagyl 400mg #21910 where to buy tretinoin uk #21912 pain meds online guaranteed delivery #21913 teatro sala fontana #21914 1045 progressive rx pharmacy #21915 generic viagra vs generic #21921 nitrofurantoin next day delivery uk #21923 viagra hawaii #21924 cheap propecia #21925 order lamisil pills #21926 dutasteride without a prescription #21928 abilify reviews #21933 discount cozaar reviews #21934 viagra over night delivery #21935 canadian pharmacy alli cheapest price #21938 american call center #21939 viagra in the philippines #21940 serpafar #21945 brand name viagra no prescription #21948 buy nolvadex perth #21949 what is brafix #21951 best place to buy viagra in uk #21953 urispas cheapest price australia #21954 how can i get vasotec chf #21955 buy aricept online no prescription #21958 dose of azithromycin for rosacea #21959 supreme supplies in india #21960 buy medicine online #21962 lisinopril no prescription canada #21963 zantac cheapest price at walgreens #21964 paypal and canadian pharmacy #21965 canada male enancement pills #21967 four corners pharmacy #21968 buy generic tadalafil online #21969 prescription free online pharmacy #21970 xeloda ordering prescription #21971 lithium online cheap flights #21973 buy generic plavix india #21977 display pictures of accutane packing #21978 priligy sales in singapore #21979 farmacies in tijuana phone nunmbers #21981 search,translate,google,ht... #21982 otc viagra cvs #21983 on line shopping antibiotics #21985 meds without perscription #21987 lamisil once #21991 order naprosyn 500mg #21993 how can i get requip value #21995 mosiprostol delivery fast to usa #21996 canadian pharmacy tetracycline #21998 best site to buy viagra in canada #21999 atarax cheapest price where #22001 best viagra without. prescription #22007 buy orlistat 60mg #22008 alchemist viagra is the best #22009 obat diflucan #22012 viagra fedex shipping #22013 online pharmacy cialis #22014 optimum wait for cialis to work #22016 pharmacy company that includes adderall #22017 cheap naprosyn #22018 proventil inhaler purchase on line #22019 tramadol #22020 buy viagra in nepal 3 #22021 ralista online order hyderabad #22022 best canadian drugstore online #22024 order triamterene online rx #22025 cheapest price on cefixime #22027 generic cialis 40 mg #22032 where can i purchase maxalt pure #22036 cialis patent expiration #22037 healthy male viagra offer #22038 degra #22039 leadmedic online pharmacy #22040 cost for cialis from wal... #22042 buy generic viagra with paypal #22043 low cost finast medicine #22044 flomax no prescription india #22046 ayurslim non perscription insulin #22047 cheapest price on saw palmetto berries #22048 flagyl generic alcohol #22051 can i purchase qsymia online #22053 azithromycin purchase #22056 prometh with codeine uk #22057 no prescription prednislone for dogs #22058 remeron online order offers #22059 cheap cialis buy online #22060 high quality viagra online mastercard #22061 fanfusion #22063 flarex without a prescription #22064 promethazine with codeine buy online #22065 flagyl #22066 buy real viagr #22067 suhagrat mnane ka trika #22069 whitney place assisted living #22071 flagyl 400 mg side effects #22072 kamagra 100mg.oral jelly srbija #22073 order lipitor online #22076 asthma inhalers over the counter #22078 is it legal to buy cialis online #22079 roaccutane greece #22080 cialis on line pharmacy pay pal #22082 buy mirtazapine uk #22083 blue watson 540 canadian #22085 purchase keflex online #22086 cialis patent #22087 order viagra mastercard #22090 buy isotretinoin online canada #22092 vistaril #22094 order cipro online supreme suppliers #22095 chloroquine ordering online #22096 propranolol without a prescription #22099 buy propranolol day delivery #22100 ropinirole #22102 vedio #22106 otc ventolin #22107 antabusefrom mexico #22110 carafate medication for sale #22111 low cost levitra #22112 where can i purchase sinequan lek #22113 best canadian pharmacy for viagra #22115 tadalafil india rosa impex #22117 rizact cheapest price melbourne #22118 pamelor over the counter can you buy #22119 vente viagra au canada #22121 amitriptyline #22122 rbc online banking #22123 order subutex 8mg #22124 womenra reviews #22126 viamedic #22129 cheap 5mg cialis #22131 xs650 bobber #22133 tretinoin cream no prescription #22136 liv 52 sale jaundice #22137 articulo 54 #22140 over the counter topamax #22141 when is cialis most effective #22142 abilify on line without prescription #22143 acic #22144 propecia propak #22145 how can i get nolvadex should a woman take #22147 md pharmacy discounts cialas #22148 brand viagra no prescription pay visa #22150 buy dapoxetine online usa #22151 viagra sold in the united states #22152 viagra vipps no prescription #22154 comprar viagra en valencia #22159 seroquel overnight delivery #22162 over the counter for trazodone #22165 otc asthma inhaler brands #22169 provera for sale uk #22173 wholesale generic diclofenac sodium misoprostol #22174 how can i get combivent respimat cost #22175 purchasebactroban #22176 acheter xenical pas cher #22178 generic lariam patent #22183 zanaflex overnight delivery #22185 order zyrtec online kaufen #22186 zithromax online in us #22187 cialis with mastercard #22188 viagra model #22191 mod200 #22192 order betnovate online uk #22193 finpecia online order #22195 to buy cialis tablets #22196 pfizer brand viagra canada #22198 buy ventolin over the counter #22199 viprogra #22200 gabapentin 100mg mexico #22201 us cialis prescriptions #22202 street value of clonazepam #22204 over the counter viagra canada #22205 buy tramadol with mastercard #22206 cheap cialis online uk #22207 over the counter metronidazole #22208 online medication finasteride #22209 brand viagra without prescription #22211 sildenafil citrate 100mg uk #22212 where to buy meclizine kong #22214 buy cialis and pay whit paypall #22215 metronidazole 500mg no prescription #22217 canadian pharmacies buy propecia #22218 como puedo pedir lad pastillas cytotex #22219 acheter viagra pfizer #22220 original cialis canada #22221 best diet pill for 50femaile #22222 lasix shortage #22224 cialis5mg #22225 levitra coupon scam #22226 valtrex lowest price dosage #22227 how can i get lexapro effects last #22229 siriusxm viagra #22235 1224 canadien pharmacy vipro #22236 tadalafil calox #22238 doxycycline for dogs pet meds #22239 zetia over the counter purchase #22240 generic viagra genaric in us #22241 where can i purchase nitrofurantoin a prescription #22242 want to buy domperidone #22248 thyrox without prescribtion #22249 carbozyne online order uk #22251 generic retin a buy #22252 buy roaccutane #22254 ed meds canada #22255 viagracanada real or fake #22257 wholesale generic albenza golf #22258 allopurinol ordering #22262 nootropil cheapest price pakistan #22263 sildenafil generic cost #22264 ponalar #22265 viagra sandoz #22267 vaginal-viagra-suppositories #22268 cheap viagra for sale #22269 grafazol metronidazole 500 #22271 alli diet pills for sale #22272 cipla product list #22273 5 mg cialis generic india #22274 amantadina clorfenamina y paracetamol #22275 mircette online without prescription #22277 revatio online sales #22280 cheapest price on augmentin mg #22282 store gucci new york #22284 kamagra next day uk delivery #22285 where to buy aricept england #22286 z pack dosing schedule #22287 misoprostol philippines pharmacy #22288 qsymia buy from canada #22289 overnight medstore #22290 buy cheap dapoxetine want #22291 propecia reviews 2012 #22292 buy 36 hour cialis online 382 #22297 viagra replacements #22298 rocaltrol cheapest price ebay #22299 metformin canada #22304 buy cheap actos without prescription #22305 female viagra pharmacy #22308 topiramate 25 mg #22312 baclofen side effects #22316 std drugs online #22317 proscar without perception #22318 ampicillin next day delivery flowers #22321 norco pills for sale #22325 lithium lowest price uk #22330 buy metoprolol without a prescription #22331 canadian family pharmacy #22333 uk pharmacy online #22334 buy cheap luvox prescription #22336 tapiales #22337 cialis super #22339 viagra online next day shipping #22340 erection packs online cheap australia #22341 propecia prices at walmart #22342 vyvanse online #22343 generic viagra mexican #22344 elavil without prescription usa #22346 buydiclofenac #22347 supremesuppliersmumbaiindia #22350 suhagra 100 cipla #22351 zithromax canada #22354 pravachol without prescription #22356 buy alli starter pack #22357 what otc producs contain tamoxifen #22361 safe place to buy cialis online #22362 cialis quotidien meilleur prix #22364 buy norinyl without prescription #22366 vigria pills #22367 metformin online pharmacy #22369 what is the viagra examination like #22372 coversyl plus #22373 auvitra 20 mg tablets in holland #22374 yellow metronidazole pills #22378 trusted viagra websites #22380 estrogen pills for men #22381 valtrex caplets #22382 best canadian pharmacy cialis #22383 metformin lowest price tablets #22386 where can i purchase prograf level #22388 antabuse buy without rx #22389 genericviagra.me.uk #22392 septilin cheapest price website #22393 clomid ovulation calendar #22394 how finpecia works #22395 discount cialis black #22397 best online canadian viagra #22400 discount innopran #22403 www.ptfer viagra #22405 where to buy copegus dogs #22406 nifedipine #22409 buy omeprazole uk #22411 how to get levra on line #22412 pharmacy support group canada #22413 buyerythromycinonline #22414 buy metformin without prescription #22415 package cialis viagra #22416 snafi tadalafil 20mg #22418 ashwagandha online cheap lehyam #22419 green discharge after taking diflucan #22421 buy arimidex uk #22423 cheaper price on aciphex version #22424 cialis what happens if double the dose #22425 foreign online pharmacies #22427 vitamin d and erectile dysfunction #22428 neurocet reviews #22430 finasteride with free viagra #22432 viagra bangladesh #22433 where to buy endep #22434 online pharmacy accutane #22435 order dipyridamole generic #22436 antabuse online uk #22437 cialis rezeptfrei kaufen #22438 express viagra delivery #22439 order fluvoxamine online #22442 cealus #22443 buy periactin pills in usa #22446 buying plavix on line #22447 elomet pregnancy #22450 no prescription drugs #22451 buy propranolol #22453 lisinopril 20 mg over the counter #22455 viagra "discover card" india #22457 where to buy chlorsig eye drops #22459 xenical orlistat buy online usa #22460 suhagraat ka tarika #22465 metallica #22466 fludrocortisona 0.1 mg #22467 sex tablets for men #22468 sominex sale vintage #22469 levitra in ireland #22470 vibrox softgels #22471 mercury drug product list #22472 powergra #22475 us pharmacy no prescription neurontin #22477 bayer cialis 20 mg #22478 levothyroxine 100 mcg no prescription #22480 buy trandate in canada #22481 diovan 160 #22482 ranitidine 150 mg #22486 cialis lilly brand pills #22487 can you buy viagra in peru 68 #22488 aldara #22490 prednisone treatment for dogs #22493 were can i get some #22496 buy alli in the us #22497 kamagra london #22499 luvox #22501 generic cialis india safe #22502 generic for plavix 2012 #22503 canadian pharmacy doxepin #22504 buy isotretinoin acnetrex #22505 trusted site to buy viagra #22507 medrol dose pack price #22508 buy provera medroxyprogesterone 10mg generic #22509 buy meds without a prescription #22510 does cialis make you last longer in bed #22511 heathnet viagra #22513 benadryl #22514 cialis original de la india #22515 combivent inhaler #22516 kamagra uk paypal #22521 buy fentanyl powder online #22525 viagra pfizer #22526 no prescription cialis #22527 cheap tretinoin without prescription #22529 buy promethazine without perscription #22530 cialist #22531 cialis spray #22533 cialis softgel #22535 cheap enalipril without perscription #22536 canadian prescription drugs legal #22537 bevispas #22540 buy gyne lotrimin for bv #22542 where to buy acyclovir #22543 sildenafil generis #22544 viagra super force #22547 buy treatment for chlamydia #22549 overseas promethazine codeine #22550 sertraline no prescription #22551 buy nitrofurantoin uk #22554 zithromax 250 mg #22556 -generic viagra overseas #22558 sildenafil 50 mg #22559 brand viagra buy #22561 where to get antibiotics #22562 pharmacy expense report #22565 clotri denk #22566 cialis over internet #22567 how can i get strattera good does #22571 most reliable canadian pharmacies #22573 std medication online #22574 le prix du cialis en pharmacie #22576 canadian pharmacy amoxicillin grade #22577 cialis 5 mg daily effectiveness #22578 where to buy saw palmetto for hair loss #22581 cheap price on toradol generic #22582 canadascripts #22583 keftab lowest price #22585 viagra 50 mg buy #22586 order detrol online you #22588 rx pills pharmacy #22589 cialis for high blood pressure #22591 order detrol medication #22593 viagra en chile #22594 overnightpharmacy4u #22595 cheap cialis 20mg #22597 sarafem buy online coupon #22598 medicines on line #22599 cialis in shanghai #22600 cialis coupon walgreens #22601 canadian drug stores online #22605 how lopressor works #22611 cheap viagra overnight delivery #22613 fast shipping casodex online #22615 canadian pharmacies viagara #22618 cialis supreme suppliers #22620 diflucan online cheap xbox #22621 voltaren gel price uk #22622 viagra 25mg #22625 legally buy pain pills #22626 kegunaan meloxicam #22628 brand name viagra for sale #22630 no script pharmacy #22632 free asthma inhalers #22633 crestor patent expiration canada #22635 non de site pour cialis #22637 benzaclin reviews #22638 sibutramine for sale online usa #22639 kamagra strong #22640 lariam sale line #22641 ordering tamoxifen and clomid #22644 where to buy lantus insulin for cats #22645 best viagra pill cutter 95 #22646 does clomid pills melt cysts #22647 how can i get dipyridamole take #22648 effexor xr on line #22650 antibiotics by mail #22652 ed meds in canada #22653 mexico pharmacy online no prescription #22654 how long can i use flonase nasal spray #22655 cartel beheading #22656 prefest no prescription #22658 orlistat mail order #22661 order diamox #22663 secure online pharmacy #22665 shop hyzaar dosage #22666 buying tadalafil online pharmacy review #22667 generic cialis pills #22668 lynoral online order bangalore #22673 viagra oro #22674 viagra overnight fedex #22675 generic betapace price #22678 price of viagra in bangladesh #22679 generic levitra from canada #22680 zithromax uk #22684 eu online pharmacy #22685 azithromycin 1 gram how long till #22687 cytotoxic misoprostol comprar #22688 fucidin cream buy online #22690 cheap cialis online india #22692 how much is aciphex without insurance #22693 where to buy doxycycline for dogs #22694 meijer pharmacy #22695 chloramphenicol ordering prescription #22696 elocon cream over the counter #22698 no rx trimethoprim ds #22701 brahmi cheapest price uk #22702 can you take 40 mg of levitra #22704 name brand dostinex for sale #22707 antibiotics in canada over the counter #22709 buy levitra online canada buy #22710 flagyl 400mg tablets dosage #22711 forzest online order zara #22712 generic levitra vs levitra #22713 canada drugs online reputable #22715 canadian superstore pharmacy reviews #22716 alli best price #22721 low cost alternative to advair #22723 sex power medicine bangladesh #22724 norpress no script #22726 where to buy singulair liquid #22729 best way to by viagra #22731 medrol 4mg #22732 canadian pharmacy escrow #22733 buy viagra online with gift card #22734 planetdrugs #22736 can i buy clomid over the counter #22737 buy meds using paypal #22740 where to buy alavert singapore #22741 buying disulfiram without prescription #22742 phizer viagra overnight #22744 purchase levaquin 750 #22745 sildenafil 100mg for sale #22746 canada xanax #22750 cialis rezeptfrei england #22752 azithromycin price #22754 buy tamoxifen #22755 buy viagra pzifer brand #22757 metformin on canadian pharmacy website #22758 allopurinol online #22759 canadian viagra uk #22760 buy clomid online with echeck #22761 epogen #22764 where to buy lantus insulin #22766 buy hctz without prescription #22767 cvs generic drug list #22769 alli diet pills wholesale #22770 cialis uae #22771 where to buy clomid for pct #22772 aldara cream #22774 venlafaxine 150mg no rx #22777 free trial viagra without prescriptions #22778 la sante sidenafil #22780 haldol over the counter quinn #22782 misoprostol guadalajara jalisco #22783 fast shipping cialis #22785 viagra originale #22787 www xeksi bideo #22788 get viagra free samples #22789 online discount canadian pharmacy #22792 ecco outsourcing egypt #22794 cialis nz #22798 doxycycline 100mg no prescription #22802 acyclovir for cold sores order online #22803 ordering antibiotics from mexico #22804 unitedpharmacy supportteam #22805 how much is allegra d #22806 suhagra=100 #22807 dove acquistare levitra sicuro #22809 order viagra with paypal #22811 buying roaccutane online #22812 online pharmise with no perscription #22813 purchase tamoxifen citrate online #22814 buy finasteride online uk #22817 buy sildenafil online no prescription #22818 buy fucidin cream #22820 where to purchase low cost levitra #22821 phexin for gonorrhea #22822 indocin gout medication order #22824 why is viagra not working #22828 buy viagra online with echeck #22829 discount rental cars #22831 buy viagra pills for cheap #22832 buu online generic cialis #22836 buy celebrex uk #22839 buy cialis with no prescription #22840 cheap sildenafil from india #22842 women viagra fast uk #22843 lamotrigine #22846 safe sildenafil 100mg #22847 diflucan 150 #22849 how can i buy antibiotics online #22850 how often can i take atrovent #22851 order sinemet medication #22852 trazodone generic name #22854 etodolac next day delivery uk #22855 combivent without prescripton #22856 erectile dysfunction jokes #22857 cialis to order in canada #22858 tadacip online cheap prescription #22859 greenline pharmacy canada #22860 indian pharmacies that accept paypal #22862 non perscription valtrex #22865 thuoc augmentin #22866 online antibiotics fast #22867 how can i get lincocin say #22868 buy viagra online no presription #22869 buy kaftan online india #22870 online pharmacies in canada #22873 cheapest price on calcium carbonate vancouver #22874 vasotec without perscription #22875 buy lasix furosemide #22877 where can you buy clarisonic #22880 viamedic com #22881 instant erection products in canada #22882 how much is a pint of promethazine #22886 real vardenafil pills #22887 best buy annual report #22888 viagra via international mail #22889 best medicare online cialis mastercard #22890 combivent no prescription needed #22892 order ophthacare #22894 atarax over the counter equivalent #22895 capoten #22896 imdur online cheap vintage #22897 prometrium without prescriptions #22898 buy real viagra with echeck #22900 generic viagra sold in united states #22902 tamsulosin and viagra #22903 where to buy zocor yahoo #22905 ranitidine next day delivery quote #22906 cialis professional pay by paypal #22909 rx hotline #22910 where to buy requip online #22911 cheap pain pills #22915 best erectile dysfunction drugs #22916 bupropion online order india #22917 clindamycin #22920 generika levitra deutschland #22922 aurochem canada #22924 viagra gel online pharmacy #22928 cheap ed trial packs #22933 remeron canadian pharmacy #22935 why-is-viagra-so-expensive? #22937 buy aldactone no prescription #22938 reliable site to buy viagra online #22939 canadian cialis viagra #22941 but allegra-d on line #22942 how can i get geriforte work #22943 drugstore princess #22944 order strattera #22945 viagra sales las vegas #22948 best deals on levitra #22949 brand cialis with echeck #22950 cheap hydrochlorothiazide pills canada #22952 viagra store in usa #22954 viagra sample pack #22956 fluoxitine online canada #22957 wholesale generic avodart buy #22958 order viagra canada #22959 viamedic coupon code #22960 minocycline on line #22961 buy viagra tesco online #22962 sildenafil citrate side effects #22964 cialis 20 mg sale #22966 canadian rx network #22968 buy antidepressants online in uk #22970 difference between propecia and generic #22972 viagra gold online #22974 levitra danni fisici #22975 viagra without perscription #22976 overnight valtrex #22978 biaxin non perscription uk #22980 buy viagra over the counter #22982 buy cheap isoptin #22983 how can i get allopurinol in one day #22984 cialis lowest price toronto #22985 viagra patent expiry uk #22987 otc flagyl #22988 cialis generika aus deutschland #22989 order voveran emulgel #22991 viagra offer #22994 247overnightpharmacy scam #22997 how clomid works video #23001 betamethasone #23003 buy amytriplitine tablets #23005 mg winstrol bestellen #23006 order ventolin from australia #23007 lisinopril no prescription needed #23011 viagra international shipping #23013 motilium syrup #23014 sildenafil citrate pay with mastercard #23015 is flagyl used for stds #23016 cialis vendita onlin 5mg generico #23017 pain medication overnight #23018 anacin prices canada #23022 where is alli sold #23023 cialis_10mg_moins_cher #23026 where to get viagra in phx az #23027 albendazole ireland #23029 buying viagra in india #23030 discount caverta #23031 viagra similar products #23032 antabuse without prescriptions #23033 how can i get astelin zyrtec together #23035 medrol 16mg #23036 ordering tinidazole #23037 where to buy serevent australia #23038 viagra kostenlos kaufen #23039 how can i get digoxin much #23040 cheap and quick viagra #23041 ethionamide lowest price guarantee #23042 directions for taking z pack #23045 paxil no prescription needed #23046 meclizine available over the counter #23047 where to get antabuse in massachusetts #23049 buy fosamax online get #23051 fml forte ordering liquifilm #23052 prednisone 10mg #23053 is mebendazole over the counter #23055 valtrex tablet purchase in us #23056 article 92 cialis no prescription #23057 how can i get v gel xperia neo #23059 where can you buy tretinoin #23060 levitra 40 mg pills #23061 buy brand viagra in canada #23063 order viagra professional #23064 no perscription digoxin #23065 order aricept online getting #23068 flagyl in pregnancy third trimester #23069 650 chopper #23070 prescription medication on line #23072 compare allegra-d prices #23074 doctor free viagra #23075 doxycycline hyclate online #23076 betapace ordering online #23077 is anything work better than acyclovir #23078 buy clarins stockists australia #23081 looking to order viagra #23082 buy xenical #23083 cheap cytotec online #23085 pillole viagra #23086 genertic prozac cheap online #23088 promethazine and codeine for sale #23091 prednisone canadian pharmnacy #23092 buying gabapentin #23093 voltaren online order resinat #23099 online pharmency #23102 cialis 5mg or 10mg #23103 authentic drug store #23104 buy diarex magnum #23105 buy orlistat reviews #23108 buy vigra #23111 brand names of water pills #23112 amitriptyline no rx #23113 pastillas para la ereccion masculina #23114 order prandin online in australia #23116 cheaper rx4u #23119 generic tadalafil 40 mg #23121 atlantic drugstore #23124 actos 45 mg tablets online order us #23126 keftab cheapest price kindle #23128 can buy nootropil #23129 how to buy prednisone online #23130 sildenafil citrate 100mg tablets #23131 order zyloprim prescription #23132 domperidone canada #23133 exelon #23137 buy lynoral online #23138 buy flomax on line no prescription #23140 buy methotrexate #23141 cheapest viagra uk #23144 fluoxetine usa #23145 discount suprax bekas #23146 propecia rx party #23147 no script zoloft #23149 cafergot #23154 sertraline pch kopen #23156 where to buy betapace pills #23160 soft viagra #23161 internet cialis sales #23162 femara 2.5 mg #23163 naclodin #23164 discount pfizer viagra #23167 how chelation in tetracyclines #23168 cheap rental table and chairs #23169 online cialis us pharmacy #23172 buying pct #23174 low cost actos yarn #23176 l441 blue pill #23178 valacyclovir hcl side effects #23179 allegra d discount card #23181 misoprostol long term side effects #23184 viagar cheap no perscription #23185 valtrex wholesale #23186 buying levitra online #23187 pulmicort overseas pharmacy #23188 buying clomid in australia #23189 cialis pills fast delivery #23190 digoxin over the counter you get #23191 bactrim ds no rx #23192 over the counter testosterone #23193 expired saw palmetto #23194 24th pharmacy ltd #23195 buy buspirone for cats canada #23196 how to get esomeprazole #23197 tadalafil sales #23198 how can i get endep long does #23199 40 viagra for 99 #23200 urispas sale xbox #23201 how much is 100mg of clomid #23204 cialis super active 100mg #23205 cheapest cialis in australia #23207 original viagra in india #23209 viagra and cialis online order #23210 over the counter equivalent to neurontin #23212 how can i get atarax help ic #23213 napflam #23214 viagra via canada #23215 low cost cialis 20mg #23216 hessisches sozialministerium #23219 celadrin cheapest price range #23220 farmaciascanadienses #23221 propecia making you pee more #23222 scrambler jeep #23223 levitra profecional #23224 doxycycline no prescription for pets #23227 cialis price in uae #23229 cialis super active buyers guide #23231 buy erexin v opinie forum #23234 mumbai india perscription #23235 fast shipping diflucan online australia #23236 wellcare.it loc:es #23237 nitroglycerin dosage #23239 robaxin sale #23240 buy retin a boots #23241 septra ds online #23244 cmp sildenafil 150 mg #23245 cialis buy usa #23246 viagra online usa pharmacy #23247 zerit online order number #23248 panax brand and generic #23249 google viagra ebay cheap #23252 cialis online next day delivery #23253 cvs pharmacy #23254 purchase hydrochlorothiazide bali #23255 florinef capsules #23257 where to order ampicillin #23258 voltaren tablets #23262 how to cum more often #23265 reasons for using viagra #23268 plavix 75mg #23269 how can i get procardia long after #23270 medsshop #23271 prezzo viagra generico in farmacia #23274 order setraline without prescription #23276 pharmacy house #23277 zloft candian pharmacy no script #23278 arimidex no prescription #23280 24 hour canadian phamacy #23281 augmentin 500-125 #23282 viagra craigslist #23283 clavamox for humans dosage #23285 antibiotics overnight #23286 fong bros #23289 filagra super active #23290 generics4us #23291 little blue pill wilkinsons #23292 tadalafil generic on line #23293 viagraporn #23299 fast delivery for flagyl #23300 gabspentin no presciption #23301 arava online cheap outlet #23302 safest viagra from online drug stores #23307 levothyroxine overnight #23309 viagra gold 800mg #23310 bluepill canada farmacy #23311 ortho tri cyclen online #23312 acheter viagra original en ligne #23315 can i buy mebendazole over the counter #23316 online generic viagra mastercard #23321 generic xenical by mail #23322 levothroid on line #23325 viagra trial offer #23327 domperidone without a script #23330 algodones pharmacy prices #23331 simplotan #23334 erector medicament #23338 cialis fara reteta #23340 generic cialis 2.5 #23341 cheap adalat retard #23344 health shop doxycycline #23345 cialis buy eu #23347 amoxil 500 mg #23348 buy codeine promethazine syrup #23350 advair diskus 250 #23351 purim cheapest price finder #23353 viagra quick delivery #23354 femara cheapest price south africa #23355 ceftin buy online flipkart #23361 costo viagra generico in farmacia #23363 mail apotheke hufschmid.ch loc:hk #23364 canada viagra no prescription #23366 online drugstore without prescription #23369 24 7 pharmacy inderal #23370 where to buy augmentin europe #23372 v t logistics lasix #23373 cephalexin cheapest price in the philippines #23374 viagra levitra #23375 order cefixime online #23376 cialis purchase by mastercard #23377 pariet 20 mg without prescription #23378 buy genuine viagra canada #23379 prazosin cheapest price nz #23380 walmartpharmacy #23382 india no prescription pharmacy #23384 canadian pharmacy pay pal #23385 buy clonidine without prescription #23386 generic actoplus met 15 850 #23388 erythromicyn canada drugs #23389 testosterone online #23390 women viagra in india #23391 clalis 20mg vs clalis 40mg #23392 cheapest price on dostinex pfizer #23393 where to buy tinidazole walmart #23394 generic viagra cialis levitra pack #23396 cozaar online cheap rx #23400 buy synthroid using paypal #23401 generic tadalafil, sale #23403 viagra generico pagamento paypal #23405 prednisone 5 mg pack directions #23408 viagra super active gold #23409 accutane 40mg #23410 pariet lowest price online #23411 avodart dutasteride 0.5 mg #23413 avodart online pharmacy #23414 purchase flomax a prescription #23419 codeine syrup buy #23420 fiberglass ladder perth #23421 beloc-zok-analogai #23422 order torcemide #23424 generic luvox price #23426 is betnovate n good for acne #23427 bigger dick #23429 over the counter glimepiride #23430 viagra frau kaufen #23431 amazon cialis #23432 ordine nazionale dottori commercialisti #23433 buy nootropil online can you #23435 where can i purchase vitamin c #23436 anafranil lowest price laptop #23437 articulo 220 #23440 non prescription colchicine #23442 doxycycline hyclate order online #23443 seroquel online order overnight #23444 buy accutane without script #23446 doxycycline and ... #23447 cialis pills sale ontario #23450 diltiazem online order pharmacy #23452 flowmax for sale #23454 glycomet lowest price gp1 #23455 does metformin interfer with tramadol? #23459 cytoxan cheapest price melbourne #23460 how can i get alesse until #23461 amantadine sale price #23463 ciplox online cheap dresses #23464 canadianpharmacy #23465 buy liquid viagra uk 90 #23467 cialis 20 mg #23470 generic medication without prescription #23471 buy antabuse by paypal #23472 cheap mevacor dosage #23473 cialis poland #23475 prednisone 4 mg #23477 buy zithromax no prescription #23478 yamymask #23479 comprar xenical barato #23480 canadian prescription prices #23482 ivermectin online #23483 buy genuine pfizer viagra 239 #23486 wholesale generic lotensin generico #23487 clomiphene #23489 buy real viagra online #23491 ridaq 25mg online #23493 plugging neurontin #23497 does generic singulair have gluten #23498 ivermectin canada pharmacy #23501 pharmacie en ligne viagra canada #23502 awc canadian phar #23503 how i get nitroglycerin ointment #23504 ranitidine sale line #23505 como comprar cialis sin receta #23506 purchase roxithromycin 300mg online #23507 canada pharm 24 h #23508 prednisona 5 mg #23510 motrin generic name #23511 canadian pharmacy isoniazid ketoconazole #23513 how to order amoxicillin online #23515 xenical vente libre #23516 viagra prijs nederland #23517 online prescriptions #23519 albuterol inhaler new delhi #23521 metformin 1000 mg #23522 mexico lantus #23523 corbis #23526 viagra at shoppers drug mart #23528 generic indomethacin .ca #23529 cytoxan in usa online #23533 how much is levitra at sams club #23534 diazepam without prescription #23535 female viagra in london #23536 orlistat 120 mg canada #23538 antabuse #23541 canadian drugstore no prescription #23542 cialis5mg sold on line #23543 vermox otc #23545 order suboxone online #23547 oeder robaxin on line #23548 cialis online cs #23550 order zepose 10 #23551 beconase cheapest price where #23552 reglan medication online no rx #23554 shop reglan zdravilo #23555 digoxin cheapest price nz #23556 synthroid source australia #23558 cheap xenical orlistat #23563 buy elimite permethrin cream #23564 metformin low price vs #23565 acai berry xs singapore #23567 lasix pharmacy takes paypal payment #23568 levothyroxine for sale #23569 cost bupropion without insurance #23570 cialis canada #23574 levitra 20mg kaufen #23577 cialis 20mg tablets prices #23579 robaxin online order return #23580 where can i purchase serevent line #23581 levittraohne rezept apotheke #23582 cialis shivam #23583 clarinex lowest price mg #23587 trial erection packs #23588 shop cabgolin use #23590 estro #23591 nexium shortage #23595 low priced viagra #23597 online pharmacy with echeck #23598 non prerscription hydroclothiazide #23603 buy propecia in thailand #23606 prescription cough syrup online #23607 where can i buy a z pack online #23608 omnicef discontinued #23611 vardenafil price #23612 cialis cheapest online prices australia #23615 is canadian viagra safe #23617 what is sildenafil used for #23620 best generic viagra pills #23622 healthy man radio ad #23623 finasteride tablets for sale #23626 were can i buy venalin #23628 singulair cheapest price baby #23629 shop for generic cialis #23631 liv 52 ordering price rupees #23633 order viagra next day shipping #23634 cheapviagra quick ship #23635 geric viagra purchase #23636 finast non perscription loss pills #23637 ventolin inhaler sale uk #23638 alli for sale #23640 buy lynoral online uk #23642 orlistat lowest price xenical #23643 cialis overnight delivey #23647 how much viagra to take #23648 coupon amazon #23649 advair diskus cost without insurance #23650 lisinopril 20 mg without prescription #23652 can i buy cialis without a prescription #23653 alli cheap #23654 rumalaya forte side effects #23655 wholesale generic strattera same as adderall #23656 vigora tablets #23664 depakote low price levels #23665 pastillas para ereccion masculina #23666 sildenafil for sale in california #23667 viagra deutschland ohne rezept #23669 cialis daily use buy online #23670 lotrisone online order zumiez #23671 amsterdam viagra #23672 generic metformin hcl #23673 online drug store ed #23676 like viagra #23677 viagra guaranteed pharmacy #23678 nizoral without a prescription #23679 order saw palmetto online mumbai #23681 buy cheap lisinopril #23682 imagran #23683 order paxil #23685 wholesale generic nolvadex uk #23686 buy meds online no script #23688 vigra online #23689 cheap misoprostol #23691 generic flomax release date #23693 mail order drugs - usa #23695 yasmine bleeth now #23697 order peractn online #23702 nexium 40mg online order china #23704 can i take a 20 mg sildenafil every day #23707 benicar online order for sale #23708 baclofen overnight #23710 what works like viagra #23711 no perscription meds #23712 online pharmacy no rx #23716 colchicina en canada #23717 neurocet #23720 erythromycin without a prescription #23721 cost of qsymia at walmart #23723 viagra online usa #23726 how can i get lariam stay in your system #23729 cephalexin 500 mg capsule #23730 synulox usa #23731 online levitra paypal #23733 prices cialis #23734 can i get albendazole online #23735 order differin gel #23736 laxadin #23737 can you grow ginseng in florida #23738 where diflucan #23742 cheapest non prescription celias #23743 buy generic drugs from india #23747 does medicaid pay for viagra #23748 tadalafil online reliable #23752 cialis samples usa #23753 pillow humping #23754 over the counter diabetes medicine #23755 lexapro uk online #23756 buy prescription drugs online india #23757 cipro denk #23759 cias-lis online percent off #23761 viagra online pharmacy pharmacists #23764 the seven second pill #23765 canada healthcare mall #23767 ampicillin in canada #23768 taking zyrtec with promethazine dose #23769 viagra through paypal #23770 viagra 800 #23771 buy emsam patch #23773 cheapest price for rogaine #23774 ic valacyclovir hcl 1 #23776 consell esportiu del montsia #23777 kgr 100 viagra green #23781 cialis soft tab using paypal #23782 buy synthroid no prescription #23785 price of viagra #23787 levitra generika preisvergleich #23788 finasteride 1 mg #23790 ordering paxil online #23792 atorvastatin price walgreens #23793 order shuddha guggulu ayurveda #23794 canada pharmacy no prescription drugs #23795 where to buy atarax #23797 torsemide #23800 purchase rosuvastatin pills #23801 paypal kamagra #23803 canadian generic viagra echeck #23805 over the counter sildenafil citrate #23807 viagra fast delieverly #23808 prodotto 108 #23809 clarins vs body shop #23810 canadian pharmacies paypal #23813 pill identifier uk #23818 buy vasotec valeant pharmaceuticals #23822 doxycycline price gouging #23824 viagra and premature ejaculation #23826 vardenafil hcl 20mg tab #23829 cytotec where to buy #23830 oral metronidazole online #23831 viagra cost per pill walgreens #23832 cialis generika paypal #23833 buy 800mg gabapentin no presciption #23834 articulo 136 #23835 diprogenta cream buy online #23838 buy atomoxetine online #23840 where to buy omifin #23841 viagra cealis canada #23843 zenegra cheapest #23845 retin a online #23846 buy dianabol online with credit card #23848 actos generic cost walmart #23849 non prescription drugs medications #23852 fastest levitra home delivery #23853 canadian pet pharmacy no prescription #23855 safeway pharmacy generic list #23856 divalproexbest prices costco #23857 ic doxycycline #23858 ladies viagra tablets name in india #23859 synthroid online england #23860 order unisom india #23862 mexico pharmacy overnight #23864 advair generic us #23865 clomiphene no prescription #23866 free viagra samples uk #23867 order viagra #23868 ciproxin 500 mg #23869 where can i purchase cymbalta #23871 aristocort next day delivery uk #23872 viagra pill splitter #23875 levothyroxine in the uk #23876 can you really order cialis online 149 #23877 sex kapsul #23880 purchase strattera australia #23881 the canadian drugstore #23882 buy safe cialis #23885 levitra paga con mastercard #23889 cheap arava very #23891 purchase cipro on line #23894 online pharmacy reviews #23896 seropuel for sale #23897 generic avanafil #23899 viagra best results #23902 voveran sr #23904 que es la doxycycline hyclate #23905 propecia generic finasteride #23908 buy betnovate no presc uk #23910 motilium paypal #23912 sildenafil 25 mg online bestellen #23913 shop plavix uses #23914 cheapest price on ventolin nebuliser #23916 what is sildenafil #23917 where can i buy azithromycin #23919 real viagra #23920 substitute for viagra #23921 professional medicines #23923 deltasone over the counter #23924 is there a herb that works like viagra #23925 viagra advertised on radio #23926 finpecia free shipping #23927 colchicine buy #23928 purchase finast fitta #23929 buy cheap erythromycin #23930 how can i get precose work #23931 buy trazodone online overnight #23932 where to buy alavert you #23933 barcalona #23934 5 mg tadalafil online #23936 plavix 75 mg price canada #23937 order aciphex online dogs #23938 male enhancement drugs #23943 generic shuddha guggulu himalaya drug #23944 prednisone no rx #23948 clomid without script #23950 levobiotic #23952 canadian pharmacy fluoxetine #23953 viagra online mexico #23954 bing quality online viagra canada #23955 buy periactin online real #23956 cialis for daily use dosage #23957 where to buy casodex the counter #23960 cytotec pour avorter #23961 amitriptyline non perscription eyeglasses #23962 generic ventolin hfa #23964 cialis brand 20 mg original #23965 clarina online order zumiez #23966 tadalafil 20 mg dosage #23968 order proscar for hair loss #23971 cialis generico pagamento alla consegna #23974 mifepristone buy online #23976 where can i order cilais online #23977 cialias generic #23978 generic name for tetracycline #23979 pharamcy canada #23982 lotensin online cheap uk #23985 generic supplier of viagra #23986 zanaflex sale mexico #23987 where can i buy cephalexin in the uk #23988 how can i get desyrel u feel #23989 viagra for men for sale #23990 propranolol on line no prescription #23992 deutsche online apotheke #23993 xenical 120 mg #23994 buy tamoxifen online liquid #23995 amoxilsales #23996 bentyl next day delivery xanax #23998 veera desi tashan #24000 pharmacy online c20 #24001 betacin #24003 diclofenac sod ec #24005